Chapter 6 Religion ^.^

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Animism

Belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life.

Autonomous religion

A religion that does not have a central authority but shares ideas and cooperates informally

Branch

A large and fundamental division within a religion

Caste

a social class separated from others by distinctions of hereditary rank or profession or wealth

Cosmogony

A set of religious beliefs concerning the origin of the universe.

Denomination

a group of religious congregations having its own organization and a distinctive faith

Diocese

The basic unit of geographic organization in the Roman Catholic Church

Ethnic religion

appeals primarily to one group of people living in one place

Fundamentalism

Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion (or a religious branch, denomination, or sect).

Ghetto

formerly the restricted quarter of many European cities in which Jews were required to live

Hierarchial religion

A religion in which a certral authority exercises a high degree of control.

Missionary

An individual who helps to diffuse a universalizing religion.

Monotheism

Belief in a single God

Pagan

A follower of a polytheistic religion in ancient times.

Pilgrimage

A journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes.

Polytheism

Belief that many gods exist.

Sect

A relatively small group that has broken away from an established denomination

Solstice

Time when the Sun is farthest from the equator.

Universalizing religion

A religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location

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