Medical Office 1 Week 1

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Medical Office 1 Week 1

disease was connected to filth and overcrowding, drained the marshes, built a sewer system to draine water

What did the Romans discover regarding sanitation, and what did they do about it?

they wraped blood stained bandages around the white poles outside to dry

How did the red and white poles originate?

trotula platearius

earliest known female physician

elizabeth blackwell

first female physician in the united states

walter reed

discovered the cause of yellow fever was a virus carried by a mosquito.

sir alexander fleming

accidently discovered that a mold that got on a culture prevented the bacteria from growing, which led to the development of penicillin.

fredrick banting

discovered insulin

willem kolff

invented the first artificial kidney

jonas salk

This doctor and a group of researchers successfully isolated the polio virus, leading to 1,830,000 children being protected with a vaccine by the end of the summer of 1954.

hippocrates

*founder of scientific medicine
*illness not punishment for sin
*stressed diet and cleanliness
*listen to a person's chest to find diseases
*fractures and surgery
*Hippocratic Oath

psych/o

mind

ophthalm/o

eye

path/o

disease

ren/o

kidney

rhin/o

nose

radi/o

x-ray, radioactivity

onc/o

tumor, cancer

sarc/o

flesh, sacrum

thromb/o

clot

ur/o

urine, urinary tract

oste/o

bone

sect/o, cis/o

to cut

leuk/o

white

erythr/o

red

gynec/o

female, women

arthr/o

joint

encephal/o

brain

cyt/o, -cyte

cell

carcin/o

cancerous, cancer

cerebr/o

cerebrum (largest part of brain)

glyc/o

sugar, glucose

hepat/o

liver

ped/o

child, foot

cyst/o

urinary bladder, cyst

aden/o

adrenal gland

cephal/o

head

enter/o

intestines (usually small)

derm/o, dermat/o

skin

cardi/o

heart

-logy

study, process of

-gram

record

-globin

protein

-scopy

visual examination

sub-

under

epi-

above, upon

hypo-

below, deficient

dia-

complete, through

trans-

accross

retro-

back, behind

end-, endo-

in, within

babylon

established the legal code for medical practice that set fees for services and established rules of conduct.

china

accupuncture was originated by who?

malpighi and van leeuenhoek

invented the microscope

spread of disease causing death from exposure

How did the discovery of the Americas have an impact on colonists, native Indians and Europe?

admissions clerk

obtains medical histories and patient information when patients are admitted to the hospital.

cytologist

a laboratory technician who specializes in the formation, structure and function of cells

electrocardiogram technician ECG Tech

skilled in performing EKG (ECG) tests and are employed in medical clinics and hospitals.

medical assistant

professional trained to work under the direction of a physician in offices and a variety of health care settings

registered nurse RN

completed a course of study at a state approved school and passes the licensure exam

nurse midwife

a professional RN who has had extensive training and experience in labor and delivery.
manage normal pregnancies and deliveries that potentially have no risks of developing complications

nurse practitioner NP

an RN who has advanced training and clinical experience in a branch of nursing (they hold a master's degree)
employed by physicians in private practice or clinics

practical nurse LVN or LPN

trained in basic techniques and direct patient care

nutritionist

studies and applies the principles of science of nutrition (the study of food and drink as it relates to growth and maintenance of living organisms)

dietician RD

a person with specialized training in the nutritional care of groups and individuals, including patient instruction for well balanced special or regular diets.

occupational therapist OT

a person that uses purposeful activity with individuals who are limited by physical injury or illness, psychosocial dysfunction, development or learning disabilities, and other issues, in order to maximize independence, prevent disability and maintain health

physical therapist PT

a person licensed to assist in the examiniation, testing and treatment of physically disabled or handicapped people, and those going through physical rehabilitation

physician assistant PA

a person trained in certain aspects of the practice of medicine or osetopathy to provide assistance to the physician.

DC

doctor of chiropractic

DDS

doctor of dental surgery

DPM

doctor of podiatric medicine

phD

doctor of philosophy

MD

doctor of medicine

DO

doctor of osteopathy

NIH

National Institutes of Health

WHO

world health organization

CLIA

clinical laboratory improvement amendments

OSHA

occupational safety and health administration

HIPAA

health insurance portability and accountability act

cleanliness

daily shower, use deodorant, shampoo hair often, brush and floss teeth, use mints and mouth wash when necessary.

posture

the ease with which you move around reflects your poise and confidence.effects your posture and amount of fatigue you experience.

hand care

fingernails manicured and cut below the fingertips, wash hands pay close attention to nails. Keep hand cream or lotion handy to use after washing. Follow guidelines regarding polishes should be light colored and clean.

hair

keep clean and away from face. Pin or use fastner to put up and back away from face.

proper attire

clean and free from wrinkles and fit well, keep shoes clean and have shoestrings. Undergarments should not be seen beneath the uniform or through fabric.

jewelry

only wear wedding ring and small single earings on each ear. prevent collecting germs. no facial piercings should be worn during work not professional grooming.

frangrance

perfumes, colognes, aftershave could be offensive to some patients and can cause allergies. should not be worn if needed wear something light and clean-smelling

cosmetics

should be tasteful and skillfully applied.

conservative

cautious and prudent, not wasteful

empathy

When you tries to identify your fellings with those of another, you are exhibiting this?

initiative

a person who demonstrates ambition, hustle and is a self-starter has?

administrative skills

scheduling appointments, inpatient/outpatient admissions/procedures, creating/maintaining of medical records, filing records/documents, insurance and coding, billing and collections, bookkeeping

clinical skills

aseptic technique, vital signs, sterilization & minor surgery, collecting/processing and testing specimens, performing ECGs, administering medication, screening patients, assisting with procedures/treatments, responding to emergencies

communication skills

role of liasison between patient, provider, np, physician, skills promote positive interaction with co-workers, supervisors, and external associates that conduct business with the practice.

legal and ethical concepts

these skills help prevent unnecessary litigation and keep the medical assistant practicing within his or her scope of practice.

instruction

patient education include disease prevention and management, medication management, and overall health maintenance.

operational functions

these are functions that are necessary to keep the equipment and facility running effectively.

neurology

diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the central nervous center

nurse

a person that practices activities that contribute to the health and recovery of paitents from illness

punctuality

showing up at an appointed time

physical medicine

diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders with physical agents (physical therapy)

obstetrics

provides direct care to females during pregnancy, childbirth and immediately therafter

confidentiality

If you never give out information about a patient without their permission, you are practicing?

oncology

diagnosing and treating tumors and cancer

endocrinology

diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the glands of internal secretion

psychology

evaluating and treating emotional problems through counseling of individuals, families and groups

joseph lister

He was responsible for the foundation of medical asepsis.

respiratory therapist

a member of the healthcare team that performs procedures of treatmet that maintain or improve the ventiltory function of the respiratory tract

otorhinolaryngology

diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the ear, nose and throat

spread of disease

What was the reason for the collapse of the Roman Empire?

OD

optometrist

orthopedics

diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the bones, musles, ligaments, tendons and fractures of the bones.

vital signs, assist with prodcedures, prepare meds, take pt history

Name at least 4 clinical duties

neat hair, manicured cut nails, clean pressed uniform, tasteful makeup

List the physical attributes that supports the perception of a professional

psychiatry

diagnosing and treating pronounced manifestations of emotional problems or mental illness that may have an organic causative factor

medical record maintanence, schedule appointments, answer phones, billing

Name at least 4 administrative duties

staff and a snake

accepted medical symbol "caduceus" looks like this?

adaptability

changing your schedule to work for someone or perform duties not usually your responsibility is an example of this?

hematology

diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the blood and blood forming tissues

A, B, AB, O

Name the four blood types

gynecology

correct spelling for the study of woman

biopsy

correct spelling for microscopic view of living tissue

psychology

correct spelling for the study of the mind

leukocyte

correct spelling for white blood cell

erythrocyte

correct spelling for red blood cell

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