hinduism

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Veda

One of the oldest and most sacred ancient texts or Hinduism. The name means knowledge or wisdom

Bhagavad-Gita

This is part of the Mahabharata and many people believe that it contains some of the basic beliefs of Hinduism.

Ascetic

A person who rejects society and material comforts to attain spiritual insight.

Upanishads

Ancient texts that both support but also challenge some of the ideas of the Vedas.

Brahman

The ultimate reality in Hinduism. It is taught that it cannot be perceived by the senses.

Atman

One's innermost being or soul.

Karma

One is reborn by the nature of these actions. They can be either good or bad.

Dharma

Moral and religious laws of conduct as conveyed in the Ramayana and Mahabharata

Bhakti

The type of devotion (worship) that one performs which depends on both the relationship they have with a god or goddess, and the emotions or moods that the specific god or goddess evokes.

Darsan

The visiting of local temples or temple attendance

Puja

Ritual devotion which usually include offerings of food or sweets to deity.

Tirthas

Religious pilgrimages to places such as temples and rivers.

Varanasi

The city is considered one of the most famous places for pilgrimage. It is known as Shiva's City.

Divali

The festivals of lights, Homes are illuminated with lamps to welcome Lakshmi.

Samskaras

Life cycle rituals performed by Hindus at birth, marriage, and death.

Sanskirit

The oldest surviving Indo-European language brought to Indus Valley by the Aryans

Varnas

The four divisions of society as described in the Rig Veda.

Jatis

The thousands of social divisions, usually by profession, within each of the four major divisions of society described in #4.

Yoga

Disciplined meditation

Moksha

The point of liberation where the soul is freed from the cycle of rebirth

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