American History Chapter 7 Section 1

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Constitution-

A document stating the rules under which a government will operate

Executive-

The person who runs the gvernment and sees that the laws are carried out

Economic Depression-

A period in when business activity slows, prices and wages drop, and unemployment rises

Daniel Shays-

A former Revolutionary War captian who in August 1786, led an uprising of about 1,000 Massachuttes farmers

Why did the Continental Congress make the federal government weak when it drew up the Articles of Confederation?

It created limited central government, it had just one branch,and Congress could not regulate trade or tax so they had to ask the states.

Why did forign powers treat the U.S government undr the Articles of Confederation with scorn?

They were treated with scorn because they were still a weak nation. The people in other countries did not respect our country.

Why was a section of public land set aside to support public schools under the Land Ordance of 1785?

The leaders thought that democracy depended on education

How does education contribute to a successful democracy?

They people who run it are very educated and know good solving problem abilities.

Reread the text following the heading "Land Ordinance of 1785." What belief did the nation's leaders have about education? What did they propose to further this belief?

They believed that democracy depended on education and they proposed that one section of the land was to be set apart for schools.

1. Government by the States Part 1

A. Continental Congress began moving towards independence
B. Leaders in each state started creating a government

1. Government by the States Part 2

C. Eleven of the 13 states wrote new constitutions to support their government. Rhode Island and Connecticut kept using their original colonial charters but not use anything about the king

1. Government by the States Part 3

D. The states Constitution's limited the power of state governors
E. They gave most of the power to state legislature elected by the people

1. Government by the States Part 4

F. Governor served as the states executive
G. The new constitution allowed more people to vote. White males 21 or older could vote but in most states they had to own a certain amount of property

1. Government by the States Part 5

H. Virginia became the first stat to include a bill of rights in its Constitution

2. The Articles of Confederation Part 1

A. While the states were creating their own Constitution , the Continental Congress created a plan for the nation- it was called the Articles of Confederation

B. Under the Articles of Confederation Part 1

1.) The government had one branch and a one house legislature called congress
2.) All states would be equal and have one vote
3.) Nine off the thirteen states had to agree for the law to be approved

B. Under the Articles of Confederation Part 2

4.) Provided a very limited central government
5.) Congress could not regulate trade/collect taxes
6.) Congress could make laws declare war run a postal service
7.) National government had no power to enforce the laws that it made

A. Under the articles of confederation, the U.S had many successes:

1.) Successful war for independence
2.) Negotiated a peace treaty with Britain
3.) Set up rules for setting new territories

B. Economic Problems

1.) Each state set its own trade policy which discouraged trade among the states
2.) Each state printed its own money
3.) Central government did not have the power to tax, therefor little money was available to run the government

C. Shay's Rebellion Part 1

1.) Depression hit and crop prices fell, many were unable to pay their taxes
2.) State government began taking over these farms and selling them to get back the taxes
3.) Farmers demanded this had to stop

C. Shay's Rebellion Part 2

4.) Daniel Shay (Revolutionary War Captain) led an uprising of about 1,000 farmers
5.) This scared Americans. Congress then ask the states to send delegate to Philadelphia to a convention in 1787. They were to revise the Articles of Confederation

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