William of Orange
Protector of the Netherlands from persecution by the Spanish Inquisition
Husband of Mary, Queen of Scots, controlled by mother, Catherine de Medici
Catherine de Medici
wife of Henry II held power during reigns of her sons, ordered St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre.
Henry of Navarre
Political leader of Huguenots. Succeeded to throne as Henry IV. Converted to Catholicism because he wanted to be accepted by Catholic France. Issued the Edict of Nantes
Catherine's third son; after the death of his elder brother, Francis II, he inherited the throne and was crowned King of France in 1560
The Huguenot queen of Navarre, mother of Henry of Navarre.
Renee, Duchess of Ferrara
Daughter of Louis XII of France, sent to marry the Duke of Ferrara in Northern Italy, holder of the Reformed faith, offered support to French Huguenots despite her husband's objections, after his death returned to France and offered her castle as a Huguenot sanctuary