Renaissance : Vocabulary
In architecture, a frame around a window, door, or niche decorated in a classicizing manner, wth Columns, Entablature, and pediment, as seen in the windows of the Palazzo Farnese.
|Altarpiece||A painted or sculpted religious image that stands upon and at the back of an altar; for a typical example, see Orcagna's alterpiece. It may depict the Cuucifixion, the Virgin and Child, and/or various saints, including the saint to whom the particular church or altar is dedicated. In certain periods if includes decorated gables and pinnacles as well as predella.|
|Annunciation||(Christianity) the announcement to the Virgin Mary by the angel Gabriel of the incarnation of Christ|
|Antipope||A rival pope, elected in opposion to another, who is later judged not to be a part of the elected succession of popes. In general, it refers to the popes elected at Avignon in opposition to those at Rome during the Great Schism, and to a series of popes elected at Pisa and Basel|
|Apocalypse||The Book of Revelation, the last book of the New Testament, in which St. John narrates the visions he experienced on the island of Patmos. A major source of iconography of Last Judgment scenes.|
|Apocrypha||A group of writings once included in versions of the Bible, but now generally excluded.|
|Apse||A large semicircular or polygonal niche.|
|Arcade||A series of Arches with their supporting columns or piers.|
|Architrave||The lintel and the lowest part of an entablature.|
|Arriccio||The layer of relatively coarse plaster that is the first layer applied to a wall in the making of a fresco.|
|Art, Liberal||The seven liberal arts, which are derived from the curriculum for secular learning during the Middle Ages, are grammar, rhetoric, logic, music, geometry, and astronomy.|
|Arts, Mechanical||Practical occupations that invloved working with the hands. During the Middle Ages, the mechanical arts included painting, sculpture, and architecture|
|Ascension||The ascent of Christ into Heaven, as witnessed by his disciples forty days after the Resurrection .|
|Assumption||The ascent of the Virgin Mary to heaven after her death and burial when, according to Roman Catholic belief, her soul was reunited with her body.|
|Attic Story||A extra story that appears above the Entablature.|
|Avello||Italian word for tomb, generally used by art historians to refer to a tomb surmounted by a Gothic arch and often built into an opening between two chapels or as a series in a wall, as across the facade of Sta. Maria Novella|
|Baldacchino||A canopy, usually placed over an altar or over the reserved sacrament.|
|Barrel Vault||A semi-cylindrical vault|
|Base||The lowest element of column, wall, or dome, occasionally of a statue.|
|Basilica||A general term applied to any church that has a longitudinal Nave that terminates in an Apse and is flanked by Side Aisles.|
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