is a state (or condition) of decrease or cessation of use of an organ or a body part, restriction of activity, or immobility. Complications of disuse occur in every body system.
is the inability to move the whole body or a body part.
is a prescribed or self-imposed restriction to bed for therapeutic reasons.
and immobility have a cyclic relationship with the development of complications.
is an abnormal condition of joint flexion resulting from shortening of muscle fibers and associated connective tissue, with resistance to stretching and eventually to flexion and, finally, to permanent fixation.
is a condition in which there is a decreased mass per unit volume of normally mineralized bone (bone density), primarily from a loss of calcium, that makes bones brittle and porous.
involves plantar flexion, inversion of the ankle, and flexion of the toes.
involves flexion of the wrist and fingers and opposition of the thumb.
is any lesion caused by ischemia from unrelieved pressure that leads to necrosis of underlying tissues.
is a mechanical force that acts on an area of skin in a direction parallel to the body's surface.
The act of holding the breath while performing work; it builds intrathoracic pressure by attempting to force expiration against a closed glottis, usually in preparation for work such as lifting or tightening abdominal muscles to assist a bowel movement.
A drop in systolic blood pressure of 20 mm Hg or more and a drop in diastolic blood pressure of 10 mm Hg or more for 1 or 2 minutes after a client moves to a standing position (orthostasis)
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
is the condition caused when a blood clot (thrombus) develops in the lumen of a deep leg vein, such as the tibial, popliteal, femoral, or iliac vein.
which is a piece of the thrombus that breaks free, is carried by veins to the right heart and the pulmonary circulation, and lodges in a pulmonary blood vessel.
An inflammation of the lungs caused by stasis of secretions, which become a medium for bacterial growth
Decreased peristalsis from lack of stimulation of the gastrocolic reflex.
Stones formed in the kidney when the excretion rate of calcium or other minerals is high, as when osteoclastic activity releases calcium from the bones during immobility.
Risk for disuse syndrome
At risk for deterioration of body systems as the result of prescribed or unavoidable musculoskeletal inactivity.
Risk for impaired skin integrity
At risk for skin being adversely altered