Apologia Zoology 3 Chapter 8

Created by Oguric Teacher

58 terms · Vocabulary for Apologia Zoology 3 Chapter 8

Livestock

These animals help people with their work or gives them food.
Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Ungulates

Animals with hooves.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Examples of ungulates

Horses. giraffes, deer, cows, goats, sheep, pigs camels, llamas, and rhinos.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Order Probosicdea

Elephants are in this order. They have long trunks, called a proboscis, which serves as a nose and upper lip.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Pachyderm

This Greek word means 'thick skinned'.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch.8

Tusks

Elephants teeth which they use to dig for water, salt, and or roots. They are hunted for these.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

2 species of African elephant

African bush elephant
African forest elephant

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

African bush elephant

This elephant lives on the plains of Africa.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

African forest elephant

This elephant lives in the forest.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Asian elephant

This elephant lives in Asia and is smaller than the African elephants.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Matriach

The oldest and most experienced female elephant of a herd.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Wooly mammoth

The Wooly Mammoth (now extinct) had two features that distinguished them from other elephants. Their tusks were curled upward and they were covered with long hair.
Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Geyser

An opening in the earth's crust allowing water to be pushed through to the surface at high presure.
Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Ice age

A time when the earth is, on average, cooler than normal.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Mastodons

An extinct animal that lived in the forest, and was shorter and stouter than the Wooley Mammoth.
Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Order Perissodactyla

These animals have a large middle toe that defines the center of their foot.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Examples of order Perissodactyla

Horses, donkeys, rhinos, and tapirs.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Family Equidae

Latin word meaning horse.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Examples of family Equidae

Horses, zebras, donkeys, kulans and kiangs.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Feral (horse)

A wild horse.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

3 breeds of horses

Cold blooded
Hot blooded
Warm blooded
Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Hot blooded horses

This animals are smaller and built for speed. These breeds include Arabian and thoughbreds.
Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Cold blooded horses

This animals have been bred for working and hauling. They include draft horses and Clydesdales.
Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Warm blooded horses

This animals have the athletic skills of the hot-bloods and the gentler personality of the cold-bloods. They include breeds such as the Quarter horse and Paints.
Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Gait

This term describes how a horse walks.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

4 basic gaits of a horse

Walk
Canter
Trot
Gallop

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Walk

The slowest and steadiest gait, with the horse keeping two or three hooves on the ground at all times. This is also called a four-beat gait.
Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Trot

The horse is suspended in the air for a moment in every stride. The horse will match the fore foot on one side with the hind foot on the other side, moving together. This is also called a two-stride gait.
Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Canter

This is a three stride gait. One back leg will hit the ground with the diagonal front leg.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Gallop

The fastest of all strides. This is a four beat stride.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Jog

A very slow trot.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Posting

When the rider rises up in the sadle on one beat and comes down on the next beat.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Right-lead canter

This canter starts with the left hind hoof, because the right foreleg will be the most extended of the horses's legs.
Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Hand

A method of measuring a horses' height. Approximately 4".

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Pony

If an equine is less than 14.2 hands tall, it is usually considered this.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Foal

A horse less than a year old.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Yearling

A horse between one and two years old.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Filly

A female horse that is not fully grown.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Colt

A male horse that is not fully grown.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Mare

A fully grown female horse.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Stallion

A fully grown male horse.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Gelding

An adult male horse that has been neutered to make it calmer and more obedient.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

List of names for donkeys

Burros, ass, jack. jennet, minature donkey, mammoth, jackstock, standard, or Mexican burro.
Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Jack

A male donkey.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Mule

When a female horse mates with a male donkey.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Hinney

When a female donkey mates with a male horse.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

3 different types of zebras

Plains zebras (Burchells')
Mountain zebras
Grevy's zebras

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Mountain zebras

This zebra lives in the mountains of southern Africa.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Plains zebras (Burchells')

This zebra lives in the open grasslands and deserts in Africa.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Grevy's zebras

This zebra lives in the dry deserts of eastern Africa.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Oxpeckers (tick birds)

These animals have a symbiotic relationship with the rhinos. They eat parasites that live on the rhinos and the rhinos warn them if danger is around.
Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

5 Species of rhinos

Black rhino
White rhino
Indian rhino
Javan rhino
Sumatran rhino

Black rhino

This rhino lives in Africa and has two horns.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

White rhino

This rhino lives in Africa and has two horns, and they are the second largest terrestrial land mammal, next to the elephant.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Indian rhino

This rhino lives in India and Nepal and only has one horn.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Javan rhino

This rhino lives in Indonesia and Vietnam and has one horn.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Sumatran rhino

This rhino lives in Southeast Asia, is small, hairy, and has two horns.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

Tapirs

These animals are shaped like large pigs. They have a proboscis and a short, stout body.

Apologia Zoology 3 Ch. 8

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