US History Unit 6

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Matthew Perry

took navy to Japan to negotiate a trade treaty

William Seward

a

Alfred Thayer Manhan

published book that pushed for the builiding of a navy

Theodore Roosevelt

a

Queen Liliukalani

Hawaiian queen who wanted independence

Albert Beveridge

pushed for buiolding of a navy

Joseph Pulitzer

wrote of Spanish mistreating Cubans

William Randolph Hearst

wrote of Spanish mistreating Cubans

de Lome Letter

Spanish; described McKinley as weak and insulted the US

George Dewey

commander of American Navy who took over Philippines

Rough Riders

American troops in Santiago, Cuba made up of miners, farmers, etc.

William Mckinley

President during Spanish-American War

Open Door Policy

all countries would be allowed to trade w/ China

Teller Amendment

issued by McKinley; said America could not annex Cuba

Platt Amendment

added to Cubas constitution; made Cuba an American protectorate

Boxer Rebellion

secret Chinese societies besieged foreign embassies; caused fear in the Open Door Policy

Upton Sinclair

published "The Jungle" which describes the meatpacking industry

Lincoln Steffens

author who wrote about corruption of pol. machines

Jacob Riis

published photos and descriptions of poverty, disease, and crime of immigrants

Tom Johnson

a

Samuel Jones

a

Hepburn Act

Stengthen Interstate Commerce Commission by allowing it to set railroad rates

Pure Food and Drug Act

prohibited manufacture, sale, or shipment of impure of falsely labeled food and drugs

Meat Inspection Act

required federal inspection of meat sold through interstate commerce and required Agricul. Dpt. to set standards of cleanliness in meatpacking plants

Employer's Liability Act

law that protects and compensates railroad workers injured on the job

Newlands Reclamation Act

authorized use of federal funds from public land sales to pay for irrigation and land dev. projects

Initiative

the right of citizens to place a measure before the voters of a legislature for approval

Referendum

practice of letting voters accept or reject measures proposed by the legislature

Recall

right that enables voters to remove unsatisfactory elected officials from office

Robert La Follette

pushed progressive reform; pressured for democracy

Direct Primary

vote held by all members of a pol. party to decide their candidate for public office

William Howard Taft

opponent of monopoly; tried to rid of monopolies; publicized child labor

Progressive Party

a

Payne-Aldrich Tariff

barely cut tariffs and raised some; angered progressivists

Mann-Elkins Act

extended authority of ICC to include communications

Woodrow Wilson

reformed tariffs; enetered the US in WWI

16th Amendment

gave federal gov. the power to tax the income of individuals directly

17th Amendment

allowed citizens to vote for state senators

Underwood-Simmons Tariff Act

levied an income tax on the earnings of individuals

Federal Reserve Act

created 12 regional banks to be supervised by a Board of Governors, appointed by the president

Clayton Anti-trust Act

passed by Wilson; outlawed unfair trade practices; corrected mistakes of Sherman Anti-Trust Act

Federal Trade Comission Act

Wilson passed; monitor American bussiness

La Follette Seaman's Act

improved working conditions for seamen; passed by La Follette and Wilson

Federal Farm Loan Act

supported by Wilson; helped provide farmers with loans at low interest rates

Roosevelt Corollary

Roosevelt gave a speech; said US would intervene in Latin American affairs when necessary to maintain econ. and pol. stability in the W. Hemisphere

Dollar Diplomacy

American bussinesses would increase their trade and profits, and countries in Latin America would rise out of poverty

Root-Takahira Agreement

a

Woodrow Wilson

used moral diplomacy and sent troops into Mexico to help end the revolution

Archduke Francis Ferdinand

Austro-Hungarian president; murdered and caused WWI

Kaiser Wilhelm II

a

U-boats

submarines used by Germany in WWI

Lusitania

passenger sunk by German u-boats; caused American views to turn against Germany in WWI

Sussex Pledge

Germany promised not to sink any more merchant ships w/out any warning

Zimmerman Note

German telegraph to Mexico intercepted by Brit.; said if Mexico went to war w/ America, Germany would give back TX, AZ, and NM

14 Points

Wilson's peace plan for Germany; 8 points of territory; freedom of seas, League of Nations, no secret alliances, self-determination to all people; free trade, and limitation of militarism

Allied Powers

France, Brit, Russia

Central Powers

Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy

American Expeditionary Force

US Armed Forces during WWI; set up by Wilson

Selective Service Act

required all men b/w age of 21 and 30 to register for a draft

Espoinage Act

made it illegal to aid the enemy, give false reports, or interfere w/ the war effort

Sedition Act

made it illegal to speak against the war publicly

War Industries Board

coordinated production of war materials during WWI

Food Administration

responsible for food production while reducing civilian consumption during WWI

Liberty and Victory Bonds

Americans bought bonds and lent money to the gov. that would be repaid in interest in future years

Natl. War Labor Board

attempted to mediate labor disputes that might lead to strikes

Committee on Public Info.

used advertising tactics to help sway public opinion in favor of the war

Western Front

contested armed frontier b/w lands of Germany to the East and Allies to the West

Armistice Line of 1917

Germany signed a truce to stop fighting

David Lloyd George

Brit. leader at Treaty of Versailles

George Clemenceau

French leader at Treaty of Versailles; wanted to punish Germany

Vittorio Orlando

Italian leader at Treaty of Versailles

Henry Cabot Lodge

would only sign Treaty of V. if certain amendments were made to the League of Nations

League of Nations

Wilson wanted in his 14 Points; help preserve peace by pledging to respect and protect ach others territory and pol.

Treaty of Versailles

included terms taht weakened Germany; blamed Germany for the war; Germany owed over $33 billion

Vladimir Lenin

overthrew Russian gov. and established a Communist gov.; pulled Russia out of WWI

Count Ulrich von Brockdorff-Rantzau

a

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