Barron's + Kaplan + Princeton (High Frequency)

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aberrant

deviating from the norm

alacrity

eager and enthusiastic willingness

anomaly

deviation from the normal order, form, or rule; abnormality

approbation

an expression of approval or praise

assuage

to ease or lessen; to appease or pacify

audacious

daring and fearless; recklessly bold

capricious

inclined to change one's mind impulsively; erratic; unpredictable

censure

to criticize severely; to officially rebuke

chicanery

trickery or subterfuge

connoisseur

an informed and astute judge in matters of taste; expert

discordant

conflicting; dissonant or harsh in sound

disparate

fundamentally distinct or dissimilar

eloquent

well-spoken; expressive; articulate

enervate

to weaken; to reduce in vitality

ennui

dissatisfaction and restlessness resulting from boredom or apathy

equivocate

to use ambiguous language with a deceptive intent

exculpate

exonerate; to clear of blame

exigent

urgent; pressing; requiring immediate action or attention

filibuster

intentional obstruction, esp. using prolonged speechmaking to delay legislative action

ingenuous

artless; frank and candid; lacking in sophistication

inured

accustomed to accepting something undesirable

irascible

easily angered; prone to temperamental outbursts

laud

to praise highly

magnanimity

the quality of being generously noble in mind and heart, esp. in forgiving

martial

associated with war and the armed forces

mundane

of the world; typical of or concerned with the ordinary

nascent

coming into being; in early developmental stages

nebulous

vague; cloudy; lacking clearly defined form

neologism

a new word, expression, or usage; the creation or use of new words or senses

noxious

harmful; injurious

obtuse

lacking sharpness of intellect; not clear or precise in thought or expression

obviate

to anticipate and make unnecessary

onerous

troubling; burdensome

parody

a humorous imitation intended for ridicule or comic effect, esp. in literature and art

perennial

recurrent through the year or many years; happening repeatedly

perfunctory

cursory; done without care or interest

prattle

to babble meaninglessly; to talk in an empty and idle manner

prescience

foreknowledge of events; knowing of events prior to their occurring

prevaricate

to deliberately avoid the truth; to mislead

refute

to disprove; to successfully argue against

relegate

to forcibly assign, esp. to a lower place or position

solicitous

concerned and attentive; eager

sporadic

occurring only occasionally, or in scattered instances

static

not moving, active, or in motion; at rest

stupefy

to stun, baffle, or amaze

tortuous

winding; twisting; excessively complicated

truculent

fierce and cruel; eager to fight

voracious

having an insatiable appetite for an activity or pursuit; ravenous

waver

to move to and fro; to sway; to be unsettled in opinion

abscond

to depart clandestinely; to steal off and hide

ameliorate

to make better or more tolerable

arduous

strenuous; taxing; requiring significant effort

ascetic

one who practices rigid self-denial, esp. as an act of religious devotion

austere

without adornment; bare; severely simple; ascetic

axiom

a universally recognized principle

axiomatic

taken as a given; possessing self-evident truth

bucolic

rustic and pastoral; characteristic of rural areas and their inhabitants

canonical

following or in agreement with accepted, traditional standards

contentious

argumentative; quarrelsome; causing controversy or disagreement

convoluted

complex or complicated

culpable

deserving blame

disabuse

to undeceive; to set right

eclectic

composed of elements drawn from various sources

effrontery

extreme boldness; presumptuousness

ephemeral

brief; fleeting

erudite

very learned; scholarly

eulogy

a speech honoring the dead

extemporaneous

improvised; done without preparation

facetious

playful; humorous

fulminate

to loudly attack or denounce

hyperbole

an exaggerated statement, often used as a figure of speech

lucid

clear; easily understood

oscillation

the act or state of swinging back and forth with a steady, uninterrupted rhythm

paean

a song or hymn of praise and thanksgiving

penurious

penny-pinching; excessively thrifty; ungenerous

perfidy

intentional breach of faith; treachery

pernicious

extremely harmful; potentially causing death

perspicacious

acutely perceptive; having keen discernment

pious

extremely reverent or devout; showing strong religious devotion

precipitate

acting with excessive haste or impulse

precipitate

to cause or happen before anticipated or required

precursor

one that precedes and indicates or announces another

predilection

a disposition in favor of something; preference

prolific

producing large volumes or amounts; productive

qualms

misgivings; reservations; causes for hesitancy

quiescence

stillness; motionlessness; quality of being at rest

recant

to retract, esp. a previously held belief

redoubtable

awe-inspiring; worthy of honor

reticent

quiet; reserved; reluctant to express thoughts and feelings

satire

a literary work that ridicules or criticizes a human vice through humor or derision

sordid

characterized by filth, grime, or squalor; foul

squalid

sordid; wretched and dirty as from neglect

squander

to waste by spending or using irresponsibly

stoic

indifferent to or unaffected by pleasure or pain; steadfast

stymie

to block; thwart

supplant

to take the place of; supersede

synthesis

the combination of parts to make a whole

torpid

lethargic; sluggish; dormant

torque

a force that causes rotation

ubiquitous

existing everywhere at the same time; constantly encountered; widespread

veracity

truthfulness; honesty

vilify

to defame; to characterize harshly

virulent

extremely harmful or poisonous; bitterly hostile or antagonistic

abate

to lessen in intensity or degree

accolade

an expression of praise

adulation

excessive praise; intense adoration

aesthetic

dealing with, appreciative of, or responsive to art or the beautiful

avarice

greed, esp. for wealth

burgeon

to grow rapidly or flourish

cacophony

harsh, jarring, discordant sound; dissonance

canon

an established set of principles or code of laws, often religious in nature

castigation

severe criticism or punishment

catalyst

a substance that accelerates the rate of a chemical reaction without itself changing

catalyst

a person or thing that causes change

caustic

burning or stinging; causing corrosion

chary

wary; cautious; sparing

cogent

appealing forcibly to the mind or reason; convincing

complaisance

the willingness to comply with the wishes of others

contrite

regretful; penitent; seeking forgiveness

dearth

smallness of quantity or number; scarcity; a lack

demur

to question or oppose

didactic

intended to teach or instruct

discretion

cautious reserve in speech; ability to make responsible decisions

disinterested

indifferent; free from self-interest

dogmatic

stubbornly opinionated

ebullience

the quality of lively or enthusiastic expression of thoughts and feelings

elegy

a mournful poem, esp. one lamenting the dead

emollient

soothing, esp. to the skin; making less harsh

empirical

based on observation or experiment

enigmatic

mysterious; obscure; difficult to understand

esoteric

intended for or understood by a small, specific group

exonerate

to remove blame

fallacy

an invalid or incorrect notion; a mistaken belief

furtive

marked by stealth; covert; surreptitious

gregarious

sociable; outgoing; enjoying the company of other people

harangue

to deliver a pompous speech or tirade

heretical

violating accepted dogma or convention

impecunious

lacking funds; without money

incipient

beginning to come into being or to become apparent

inert

unmoving; lethargic; sluggish

innocuous

harmless; causing no damage

intransigent

refusing to compromise

inveigle

to obtain by deception or flattery

morose

sad; sullen; melancholy

odious

evoking intense aversion or dislike

opaque

impenetrable by light; not reflecting light

peruse

to examine with great care

preen

to dress up; to primp; to groom oneself with elaborate care

prodigious

abundant in size, force, or extent; extraordinary

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