Chapter 2 * 6 - Indigenous religions/Daoism and Confucism

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Although there is no agreement on how to speak of ancient religious ways, they are often inadequately referred to as traditional, aboriginal, indigentous, tribal, ______, primal, native, oral and basic.

nonliterate

Indigenous religions exist generally within ______ cultures, in which every object and act may have religious meaning.

holistic

In many Native american religious traditions, there is little distinction between the human and animal worlds. These native religions see every thing in the universe as being alive, a concept known as _____________

animism.

Sacred time is "the time of ______" . Among the Koyukon people of the arctic, it is called "distant time", and it is the holy ancient past in which gods lived and worked. among australian aborigines it is often called "dream time", and it is the subject of much of their highly esteemed art.

eternity

______ is the doorway through which the "other world" of gods and ancestors can contact us and we can contact them. It is associated with the center of the universe and can be constructed, often in a syjbolic shape such as a circle or square.

sacred space

Most indigenous religions have cosmic tales of their _____. They frequently speak of a High god and make little distinction between a god and an ancestor.

origins

In native societies,everyday religious activity and practice are significant, because their primary purpose is often to place individuals, families and groups in "right _______" with gods, ancestors, other human beings, and nature.
"

relationship

Special rituals mark a person's entry into adulthood. In Native american religions, a common ritual of early maturity is the "vision quest", or "_______".

dream quest

a ______ is a rule that forbids specific behaviour with regard to certain objects, people, animals, days or phases of life.

taboo

A(n) _______ acts as an intermediary between the visible, ordinary world and the spirit world.

shaman

Think of a problem facing twenty-first century western society. How might a holistic perspective typical of indigenous religions help in dealing with this problem?

-

Imagine you are assigned a research paper on one of the following topics in indigenous religions: life-cycle ceremonies, taboos, or shamanism. based on what you have read in this chapter, which one would you most want to investigate and why? what challenges do you think you would encounter while researching this topic.

-

Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism have been collectively called the three _________.

doctrines

The legendary founder of Daoism, which means "old master or old child", is _________.

Laozi

The great classic of Daoism, accepted by most Daoists as a central scripture, is the _______.

Daodejing

According to Daoism, the ________ is the origin of everything and all individual things are "manifestations" of it.

Dao

One of the stimuli that influences Daoism to take an organizational path was_______.

Buddhism

For Confucius, the Dao of primary interests is the Dao within the human world, manifests in _______.

Right relationships in a harmonious society.

The Five Great Relationships signify that each person must live up to his or her social status. This has been called the ___________.

rectification of names

The devotion that all members have to their entire family's welfare is __________.

xaio

The most authoritative Confucian literature is made of the Five Classics (Wujing) and the _________ Books (Sishu).

Four

The Neo-Confucianist ____________ attempted to formulate a general vision of reality by using notations found in the teachings of Confucius and Mencius.

Zhu Xi

Dr. Howard reasons for a Confucian Study:

1. Its impact over 2,000 years
2. Its Influence 25% of world's population
3. The big problem of Confucius day is our problem in 2012.

what is the principle of wu wei?

The literal meaning of wu wei is "without action", "without effort", or "without control", and is often included in the paradox wei wu wei: "action without action" or "effortless doing". The practice of wu wei and the efficacy of wei wu wei are fundamental tenets in Chinese thought and have been mostly emphasized by the Taoist. The goal of spiritual practice for the human being is, according to Laozi, the attainment of this natural way of behaving.

who had the more accurate view of human nature - Menicus or the legalists?

the world is basically good: Menicus,
the world is basically evil: legalists

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