Psych for AP - Unit 13

35 terms by FrancineDavis 

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Psych for AP - Unit 13

eclectic approach

an approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client's problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 606)

psychotherapy

treatment involving psychological techniques; consists of interactions between a trained therapist and someone seeking to overcome psychological difficulties or achieve personal growth. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 606)

psychoanalysis

Freud's theory of personality and therapeutic technique that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts. Freud believed the patient's free associations, resistances, dreams, and transferences—and the therapist's interpretations of them—released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e pp. 480, 606)

resistance

in psychoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 607)

interpretation

in psychoanalysis, the analyst's noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 607)

transference

in psychoanalysis, the patient's transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships (such as love or hatred for a parent). (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 607)

psychodynamic therapy

therapy deriving from the psychoanalytic tradition that views individuals as responding to unconscious forces and childhood experiences, and that seeks to enhance self-insight. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 608)

insight therapies

a variety of therapies that aim to improve psychological functioning by increasing the client's awareness of underlying motives and defenses. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 609)

client-centered therapy

a humanistic therapy, developed by Carl Rogers, in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathic environment to facilitate clients' growth. (Also called person-centered therapy.) (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 609)

active listening

empathic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies. A feature of Rogers' client-centered therapy. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 609)

unconditional positive regard

a caring, accepting, nonjudgmental attitude, which Carl Rogers believed would help clients to develop self-awareness and self-acceptance. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e pp. 491, 610)

behavior therapy

therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 611)

counterconditioning

a behavior therapy procedure that uses classical conditioning to evoke new responses to stimuli that are triggering unwanted behaviors; includes exposure therapies and aversive conditioning. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 611)

exposure therapies

behavioral techniques, such as systematic desensitization, that treat anxieties by exposing people (in imagination or actuality) to the things they fear and avoid. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 611)

systematic desensitization

a type of exposure therapy that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli. Commonly used to treat phobias. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 611)

virtual reality exposure therapy

An anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to simulations of their greatest fears, such as airplane flying, spiders, or public speaking. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 612)

aversive conditioning

a type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state (such as nausea) with an unwanted behavior (such as drinking alcohol). (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 613)

token economy

an operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 614)

cognitive therapy

therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 614)

cognitive-behavioral therapy

a popular integrative therapy that combines cognitive therapy (changing self-defeating thinking) with behavior therapy (changing behavior). (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 616)

family therapy

therapy that treats the family as a system. Views an individual's unwanted behaviors as influenced by, or directed at, other family members. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 617)

regression toward the mean

the tendency for extreme or unusual scores to fall back (regress) toward their average. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 621)

meta-analysis

a procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 621)

evidence-based practice

clinical decision-making that integrates the best available research with clinical expertise and patient characteristics and preferences. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 623)

biomedical therapy

prescribed medications or medical procedures that act directly on the patient's nervous system. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 628)

psychopharmacology

the study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 628)

antipsychotic drugs

drugs used to treat schizophrenia and other forms of severe thought disorder. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 629)

tardive dyskinesia

involuntary movements of the facial muscles, tongue, and limbs; a possible neurotoxic side effect of long-term use of antipsychotic drugs that target certain dopamine receptors. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 629)

antianxiety drugs

drugs used to control anxiety and agitation. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 630)

antidepressant drugs

drugs used to treat depression; also increasingly prescribed for anxiety. Different types work by altering the availability of various neurotransmitters. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 630)

electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

a biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 632)

repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)

the application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain; used to stimulate or suppress brain activity. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 634)

psychosurgery

surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 635)

lobotomy

a now-rare psychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients. The procedure cut the nerves connecting the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner brain. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 635)

resilience

the personal strength that helps most people cope with stress and recover from adversity and even trauma. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 637)

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set