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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. reticular formation
  2. aphasia
  3. limbic system
  4. brainstem
  5. thalamus
  1. a a nerve network in the brainstem that plays an important role in controlling arousal. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 070)
  2. b the oldest part and central core of the brain, beginning where the spinal cord swells as it enters the skull; It is responsible for automatic survival functions. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 069)
  3. c the brain's sensory switchboard, located on top of the brainstem; it directs messages to the sensory receiving areas in the cortex and transmits replies to the cerebellum and medulla. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 070)
  4. d impairment of language, usually caused by left hemisphere damage either to Broca's area (impairing speaking) or to Wernicke's area (impairing understanding). (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 080)
  5. e doughnut-shaped neural system (including the hippocampus, amygdala, and hypothalamus) located below the cerebral hemispheres; associated with emotions and drives. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 071)

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. the brain's ability to change, especially during childhood, by reorganizing after damage or by building new pathways based on experience. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 082)
  2. the formation of new neurons. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 083)
  3. tissue destruction. A naturally or experimentally caused destruction of brain tissue. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 067)
  4. the "little brain" at the rear of the brainstem; functions include processing sensory input and coordinating movement output and balance. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 070)
  5. a technique for revealing bloodflow and, therefore, brain activity by comparing successive MRI scans. These scans show brain function. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 068)

5 True/False Questions

  1. parietal lobesportion of the cerebral cortex lying just behind the forehead; involved in speaking and muscle movements and in making plans and judgments. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 074)


  2. association areasareas of the cerebral cortex that are not involved in primary motor or sensory functions; rather, they are involved in higher mental functions such as learning, remembering, thinking, and speaking. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 078)


  3. Wernicke's areacontrols language reception—a brain area involved in language comprehension and expression; usually in the left temporal lobe. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 080)


  4. sensory cortexan area at the rear of the frontal lobes that controls voluntary movements. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 075)


  5. CT (computed tomography) scana series of X-ray photographs taken from different angles and combined by computer into a composite representation of a slice through the body. Also called CAT scan. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 068)


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