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Mid-America College of Funeral Service Anatomy I introductory vocab - Test I

BIOLOGY

The study of all living things - plants, animals, microorganisms.

ZOOLOGY

The study of all animal life forms.

ANATOMY

The study of the structures of a human body.

GROSS/DESCRIPTIVE/MACROSCOPIC ANATOMY

The study of the large structures of the human body.

TOPOGRAPHIC/SURFACE ANATOMY

The study of the structures of the body with emphasis on the superficial landmarks used to locate deeper structures.

REGIONAL ANATOMY

The study of the various areas or "regions" of the body.

MICROSCOPIC ANATOMY

The study of the small structures of the body.

PATHOLOGICAL ANATOMY

The study of the structures of the body as they are related to disease.

HISTOLOGICAL ANATOMY

Literally the study of the tissues of the body.

DEVELOPMENTAL ANATOMY

The study of the structures of the body prior to live birth. - Embryology

SYSTEMIC ANATOMY

The study of the various "sets of related organs" of the body.

ELEMENTS (ATOMS)

Pure substances which cannot be broken down into simpler substances.

ATOM

The smallest particle of an element.

ELEMENTS FOUND IN THE HUMAN BODY

Carbon - Hydrogen - Oxygen - Nitrogen plus 16 other trace elements

COMPOUNDS (MOLECULES)

Two or more elements chemically combined together in a specific proportion by weight.

CELL

A minute organized mass of protoplasm possessing the attributes of life.

ATTRIBUTES OF LIFE

1. responds to external stimuli
2. takes in nutrients and oxygen
3. gives off wastes and carbon dioxide
4. grows and matures
5. reproduces

METABOLISM

The conversion of digested food into protoplasm and/or energy.

CATABOLISM

The breaking down of protoplasm by a cell.

ANABOLISM

The building up of protoplasm by a cell.

PROTOPLASM

A combination of elements, compounds, and water - the living substance from which all cells are made.

CELL MEMBRANE

The semi-permeable border on the outside of the cell.

NUCLEAR MEMBRANE

The border on the outside of a nucleus.

CYTOPLASM

The protoplasm which is located between the outside of the nuclear membrane and the inside of the cell membrane.

NUCLEUS

Structure within the cell containing genetic and nervous material.

TISSUE

A group of similar cells arranged to perform a single function.

EPITHELIAL TISSUE

Covers and lines other body parts.

MUCOUS EPITHELIAL TISSUE

Lines hollow body cavities

SEROUS EPITHELIAL TISSUE

Lines closed body cavities

SQUAMOUS, CUBOIDAL, COLUMNAR

Three shapes of cells

SIMPLE

Single layer of similar cells.

STRATIFIED

Several layers of similar cells.

CONNECTIVE TISSUE

Binds other body parts together.

AEREOLAR CONNECTIVE TISSUE

Type of tissue that contains "air spaces"

ADIPOSE CONNECTIVE TISSUE

Type of tissue that contains lipid or fat cells.

FIBROUS CONNECTIVE TISSUE

Tough, non-living tissue - ligaments and tendons

BONE TISSUE

Rigid tissue that contains calcium salt deposits - forms structure of skeleton

CARTILAGE TISSUE

Semi-rigid tissue at the ends of long bones - point of articulation

HEMOPOETIC TISSUE (BONE MARROW)

Tissue which makes blood cells.

SMOOTH MUSCLE TISSUE

Solid color "non-striated" tissue - lining of digestive and blood vascular systems

STRIATED MUSCLE TISSUE

Makes up heart and skeletal muscle

VOLUNTARY MUSCLE TISSUE

Acts upon a command from nervous system

INVOLUNTARY MUSCLE TISSUE

Acts without a command from nervous system

NERVOUS TISSUE

Conveys electrical current from one body part to another - coordinates all body parts

MOTOR/EFFERENT NERVE

Sends impulse (message) from brain to body part.

SENSORY/AFFERENT NERVE

Sends impluse (message) from body part to brain.

ORGAN

A group of dissimilar tissues arranged to perform a single function.

SYSTEM

A set of related organs arranged to perform a single function.

DERMATOLOGY

The study of the skin - integument

OSTEOLOGY

The study of bone - the skeleton

MYOLOGY

The study of the muscles of the body

ANGIOLOGY

The study of the circulatory system

HEMATOLOGY

The study of the blood

CARDIOLOGY

The study of the heart

ARTERIOLOGY

The study of the arteries

PHLEBOLOGY

The study of the veins

ADENOLOGY

The study of the glands

ENDOCRINOLOGY

The study of the glands which produce hormones

UROLOGY

The study of the urinary system

NEUROLOGY

The study of the nervous system

SPLANCHNOLOGY/ORGANOLOGY

The study of the organs of digestion, respiration, and reproduction

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