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Mid-America College of Funeral Service Anatomy I introductory vocab - Test I

ADENOLOGY

The study of the glands

ADIPOSE CONNECTIVE TISSUE

Type of tissue that contains lipid or fat cells.

AEREOLAR CONNECTIVE TISSUE

Type of tissue that contains "air spaces"

ANABOLISM

The building up of protoplasm by a cell.

ANATOMY

The study of the structures of a human body.

ANGIOLOGY

The study of the circulatory system

ARTERIOLOGY

The study of the arteries

ATOM

The smallest particle of an element.

ATTRIBUTES OF LIFE

1. responds to external stimuli
2. takes in nutrients and oxygen
3. gives off wastes and carbon dioxide
4. grows and matures
5. reproduces

BIOLOGY

The study of all living things - plants, animals, microorganisms.

BONE TISSUE

Rigid tissue that contains calcium salt deposits - forms structure of skeleton

CARDIOLOGY

The study of the heart

CARTILAGE TISSUE

Semi-rigid tissue at the ends of long bones - point of articulation

CATABOLISM

The breaking down of protoplasm by a cell.

CELL

A minute organized mass of protoplasm possessing the attributes of life.

CELL MEMBRANE

The semi-permeable border on the outside of the cell.

COMPOUNDS (MOLECULES)

Two or more elements chemically combined together in a specific proportion by weight.

CONNECTIVE TISSUE

Binds other body parts together.

CYTOPLASM

The protoplasm which is located between the outside of the nuclear membrane and the inside of the cell membrane.

DERMATOLOGY

The study of the skin - integument

DEVELOPMENTAL ANATOMY

The study of the structures of the body prior to live birth. - Embryology

ELEMENTS (ATOMS)

Pure substances which cannot be broken down into simpler substances.

ELEMENTS FOUND IN THE HUMAN BODY

Carbon - Hydrogen - Oxygen - Nitrogen plus 16 other trace elements

ENDOCRINOLOGY

The study of the glands which produce hormones

EPITHELIAL TISSUE

Covers and lines other body parts.

FIBROUS CONNECTIVE TISSUE

Tough, non-living tissue - ligaments and tendons

GROSS/DESCRIPTIVE/MACROSCOPIC ANATOMY

The study of the large structures of the human body.

HEMATOLOGY

The study of the blood

HEMOPOETIC TISSUE (BONE MARROW)

Tissue which makes blood cells.

HISTOLOGICAL ANATOMY

Literally the study of the tissues of the body.

INVOLUNTARY MUSCLE TISSUE

Acts without a command from nervous system

METABOLISM

The conversion of digested food into protoplasm and/or energy.

MICROSCOPIC ANATOMY

The study of the small structures of the body.

MOTOR/EFFERENT NERVE

Sends impulse (message) from brain to body part.

MUCOUS EPITHELIAL TISSUE

Lines hollow body cavities

MYOLOGY

The study of the muscles of the body

NERVOUS TISSUE

Conveys electrical current from one body part to another - coordinates all body parts

NEUROLOGY

The study of the nervous system

NUCLEAR MEMBRANE

The border on the outside of a nucleus.

NUCLEUS

Structure within the cell containing genetic and nervous material.

ORGAN

A group of dissimilar tissues arranged to perform a single function.

OSTEOLOGY

The study of bone - the skeleton

PATHOLOGICAL ANATOMY

The study of the structures of the body as they are related to disease.

PHLEBOLOGY

The study of the veins

PROTOPLASM

A combination of elements, compounds, and water - the living substance from which all cells are made.

REGIONAL ANATOMY

The study of the various areas or "regions" of the body.

SENSORY/AFFERENT NERVE

Sends impluse (message) from body part to brain.

SEROUS EPITHELIAL TISSUE

Lines closed body cavities

SIMPLE

Single layer of similar cells.

SMOOTH MUSCLE TISSUE

Solid color "non-striated" tissue - lining of digestive and blood vascular systems

SPLANCHNOLOGY/ORGANOLOGY

The study of the organs of digestion, respiration, and reproduction

SQUAMOUS, CUBOIDAL, COLUMNAR

Three shapes of cells

STRATIFIED

Several layers of similar cells.

STRIATED MUSCLE TISSUE

Makes up heart and skeletal muscle

SYSTEM

A set of related organs arranged to perform a single function.

SYSTEMIC ANATOMY

The study of the various "sets of related organs" of the body.

TISSUE

A group of similar cells arranged to perform a single function.

TOPOGRAPHIC/SURFACE ANATOMY

The study of the structures of the body with emphasis on the superficial landmarks used to locate deeper structures.

UROLOGY

The study of the urinary system

VOLUNTARY MUSCLE TISSUE

Acts upon a command from nervous system

ZOOLOGY

The study of all animal life forms.

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