In India, cultural traditions are typically regarded as either ______ (Northern) or _______ (Southern).
popular music written for Indian films
The term filmi refers to ______.
a devotional song performed by Hindu lay people
The term bhajan refers to ______.
Raga is typically defined as ______, which can be thought of as a "composition kit" for performance.
melody, rhythm, drone
The three basic elements of instrumental performance in the Hindustani tradition include _____, _____, and ______.
The tambura is a fretless plucked lute responsible for maintaining the ______ in Hindustani classical music.
with three sets of strings: melody, jhala (rhythm), and sympathetic
The sarod is a fretless plucked lute ______.
"keeping the tal"
The tabla musician is responsible for ______ in Hindustani classical music.
The tala is best described as a(n) ______.
The gat is best described as a(n) ______.
The alap is best described as a(n) ______.