Asher Lev Jewish Terminology

36 terms by mollieelizabeth3 

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Asher Leve vocabular

bar mitzvah

a Jewish boy's transition into adulthood at the age of 13 when the Ten Commandments must be followed

Borchu

a traditional Jewish prayer

bris

ceremony celebrating circumcision; traditionally performed on the eighth day of life

Chumash

first five books of the Hebrew Bible

esrog

special fruit eaten during the Succos festival

farbrengen

a Hasidic gathering

goyim

Gentiles

Hasidism

orthodox Jewish movement which emphasizes mysticism and creativity

kibud ov

honor your father

kosher

food that meets the guidelines of Jewish dietary laws

Krias Shema

affirmation of faith to be recited when going ot bed and when getting up

lulov

palm branch

mashpia

yeshiva teacher in charge of students' spiritual growth

mazel tov

Yiddish for "congratulations"

Midrash

anecdotal or allegorical material used to teach a moral

mikveh

ritual bath of purification

Passover

festival celebrating the Jewish exodus from Egypt

payos

traditional hair worn long at the temples; also called earlocks or sidecurls

Pesach

Hebrew for "Passover"

Reb

title of respect

Rebbe

spiritual master and advisor of a Hasidic group

Ribbono Shel Olom

reference to the Master of the Universe

Rosh Hashonoh

the Jewish New Year

Seder

feast celebrating the Jewish exodus from Egypt

Shabbos

day of rest which begins every Friday at sunset and lasts untl nightfall on Saturday

shofar

horn sounded on the Jewish holiday of Rosh Hashonoh

sitra achra

literally "the other side"

Succos

holiday on which Jewish people leave their homes to live in temporary dwellings

tallis

prayer shawl

Talmud

collection of interpretations and commentary on the Torah

Tisha b'Av

day of fasting in recognition of the misfortune that has plagued Jews throughout history

Torah

Can refer to the Hebrew Bible or the five books of Moses

tzaddikim

Hasidic authorities

yeshiva

school in which Torah is primary focus

Yom Kippur

the holiest of Jewish holidays

zemiros

songs sung at the Shabbos table

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