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The Bill of Rights

Attached to end of constitution formed 10 amendments

Amendment 1

Freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly, and petition

Amendment 2

Right to bear arms

Amendment 3

No citizen may be forced to house soldiers

Amendment 4

Protection from unreasonable search and seizure

Amendment 5

Right to due process of law

Amendment 6

Right to a trial by jury for criminals

Amendment 7

Right to a trial by jury for civil affairs

Amendment 8

Freedom from cruel and unusual punishment

Amendment 9

Protection of other rights not listed in the Bill of Rights

Amendment 10

Power of the states

Separation of Powers

Power shared by the three branches

Checks and Balances

At the same time, powers of one branch can be challenged by another branch

Legislature

-Congress -makes laws -two parts, Senate, House of Representatives -435 House of Representatives -100 Senators

Executive Branch

-President head -Vice President -Both can only serve terms of four years each -Enforcing the laws

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