The Bill of Rights
Attached to end of constitution formed 10 amendments
Freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly, and petition
Right to bear arms
No citizen may be forced to house soldiers
Protection from unreasonable search and seizure
Right to due process of law
Right to a trial by jury for criminals
Right to a trial by jury for civil affairs
Freedom from cruel and unusual punishment
Protection of other rights not listed in the Bill of Rights
Power of the states
Separation of Powers
Power shared by the three branches
Checks and Balances
At the same time, powers of one branch can be challenged by another branch
-Congress -makes laws -two parts, Senate, House of Representatives -435 House of Representatives -100 Senators
-President head -Vice President -Both can only serve terms of four years each -Enforcing the laws
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