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interest group

AN organization of people sharing common interest or goal that seeks to influence the making of public policyl

incentive

something of value one cannot get without joining an organization

solidary incentives

the social rewards (sense of pleasure, status, or companionship) that lead people to join political organizations.

material incentives

money or things valued valued in monetary terms.

purposive incentive

a benefit that comes from serving a cause or principle.

ideological interest groups

Political organizations that attract members by appealing to their political convictions or principles

public-interest lobby

a political organization whose goals will principally benefit nonmembers.

social movement

a widely shared demand for change in some aspect of the social or political order

political cue

a signal telling a legislator what values are at stake in a vote, and how that issue fits into his or her own political views on party agenda

ratings

assessments of a representative's voting record on issues important to an interest group.

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