Medical Office 1 Week 2

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Medical Office 1 Week 2

crani/o

skull

cervic/o

neck

sacr/o

flesh

trache/o

trachea (windpipe)

inguin/o

groin

viscer/o

internal organs

sarc/o

flesh

chondr/o

cartilage

thorac/o

chest

hist/o

tissue

-ose

full of, pertaining to sugar

-eal

pertaining to

-ectomy

removal, excision

-tomy

process of cutting

inter-

between

hypo-

below, deficient

ana-

up, apart

epi-

above, upon

cranial, thoracic, abdominal, pelvic, spinal

5 cavities of the body

cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, coccygeal

5 divisions of the back

thoracic

region of the chest

sacral

region of the sacrum

coccygeal

region of the tailbone

cranial

cavity surrounded by the skull

thoracic

cavity in the chest surrounded by the ribs

pelvic

cavity surrounded by the hip bone

spinal

cavity surrounded by the back bones

abdominal

cavity below the chest containg digestive organs

cervical

region of the neck

lumbar

region of the waist

sacral

region of the sacrum

coccygeal

pertaining to the tailbone, coccyx

superficial

on the surface

deep

away from the surface of the body

proximal

The ___ end of the humerus is at the shoulder

distal

the ____ end of the thigh bone (femur) joins with the knee cap

prone

lying on the belly

supine

lying on the back (face up, palms up)

dorsal

pertaining to the back of the body

anterior

front surface of the body

inferior, caudal

the diaphragm lies_________ to the organs in the thoracic cavity.

caudal

pertaining to the tail, lower part of body

lateral

the left lung lies _____ to the heart.

sagittal

pertaining to lengthwise

superior

The liver lies ______ to the intestines

transverse

plane that divides the body into upper and lower cavities

vertebral

pertaining to the vertebra, backbone

medial

pertaining to the middle

cephalic

pertaining to the head

physician practicing requirements

•be of legal age, good moral character, graduated from approved medical school
•resident of state where practicing
•passed oral/written exams administered by state where physician is practicing.

reciprocity

If a physician is licensed in one state and moved to another, he/she can practice medicine in the other state if determined that the original state requirements are equal to the new state.

physician license revoked

•convicted a crime (murder, rape)
•betrayal pt-physician confidence
•inappropriate sexual conduct
•fraud when applying for license (fake diplomas)
•fraudulent claims filing (services not rendered)
•incompetent to practice mental incapacity

principals of medical ethics

In 2001, the American Medical Association updated a code of ethics which stated what is expected of a physician

uniform anatomical gift act

any person of sound mind and legal age may give any part of there body after death for research or transplant

living will

•a document written in advance that states the pateient's wishes regarding end-of-life.
•must be witnessed by 2 people
•file copy w/family, primary physician & family attorney

durable POA

a document that allows an individual to delegate to another person the legal authority to act on his or her behalf

miranda warning law

gives patient legal options for refusing or accepting treatment if they are incapacitated

negligent

an act or failure to act as a reasonable prudent physician under the same or similar circumstances

liability

anything to which a person is liable, responsible, legally bound.

libel

written defamation

slander

verbal defamation

assault

a deliberate attempt or threat to touch without consent

battery

unauthorized touching of another person

patient physician contract

The offer, The acceptance, The considerations

emancipated minor

a minor that is no longer under the care, custody or supervision of parents and that can legally consent to medical care are referred to as an

express consent

needed for proposed surgery or other invasive treatments will be performed, experimental drugs, unusual procedures that may involve high risk

exceptions to express consent

•minor procedures, only need an explanation by physician
•oral consent from patient
•notes must be entered in pt medical record

patient

has the right to accept or reject treatment, know the side effects of treatments, what the prognosis is, and treatment alternatives

withdraw of care

when a patient does not follow instructions for treatment, keep follow-up appointments or leaves the hospital against medical advice, the physician has the right to?

abandonment

When a physician terminates supervision of a patient without notifying the patient in writing it is called

sexual harassment

•unwelcome sexual advances
•requests for sexual favors
•verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature
•affects and interferes with individual's work performance
•creates an intimidating, hostile & offensive environment
•directly inform the harasser that the conduct is unwelcome and must stop

respondent superior

Latin for 'let the master rule' physicians are responsible for the actions of their staff

subpoena duces tecum

ask the custodian of records (or office manager) to accept it. it is a type of subpoena that requires a witness to appear in court with records.

medical records errors

•draw a single line through incorrect material
•date and add your initials
•note reason for the change

physician

the owner of the medical records

patient bill of rights developed

•to try remedy some recurring complaints about attitudes of treatment by physicians and administrators
•can help reduce malpractice suits often resulting from misunderstandings between patient, physician or hospital

house of delegates of the american hospital association

who developed the patient bill of rights?

prescription pads

•should be stored in safe place, locked cabinet
•minimize number of pads used at any one given time
•should be written in ink or typed and be written in numerical or roman numeral format
•limit amount dispensed at one time (30,60,90 tabs)
•amount of controlled substance on premises should be
kept at a minimum to prevent missing or stollen
•pads should not be signed in advanced

medical assistant

Has the right to work in a place free from sexual discrimination

libel

written statements (defamation)

seek parental approval in cases that are not sensitive or confidential

when treating minors, you should do this first

varies by state

the age of majority (legal age) in each states

arbitration

this is used when the patient and physician have agreed before treatment (proclaim agreement) that both will waive the right to a court trial in case of a dispute

make patient feel less anxious and well cared for

schedule follow-up appts, know how to reach the physician at all times, make sure the telephone is adequately covered at all times.

patient

have the right to refuse having observers present, such as medical students or residents

expressed

a direct verbal or written statement is a/an _______ contract

assumption of risk

when a patient understood the risks of a particular operation or other medical procedure and signed a document givieng informed consent, the physician can use this in their defense

unintentional

negligence is an example of this kind of tort

prescription pads

these should not be left around where they could be stolen and possibly used to obtain controlled substances

medical records information

permission must be given in writing before releasing these

slander

you should never make critical statements about the treatment given to a patient by another physician. If you do, it is considered?

1 or more

sexual harrassment cases can involve this number of people

moral

a principle of right and wrong in conduct

implied consent

only involve an explanation by the physician and oral consent by the patient, instead of a written express consent.

defamation

to slander or attack the reputation of an individual or group is?

confidential

describes everything seen, heard or read about a patient and does not leave the office

physician

This person is responsible for obtaining informed consent from a patient

ventral, anterior

opposite of dorsal

prone

opposite of supine

inferior, caudal

below another structure

sagittal

Plan that divides the body into right and left portions

proximal

near the point of attachment to the trunk or near the beginning of a structure

distal

opposite of proximal

superior, cephalic

above another structure

superficial

opposite of deep

superficial

on the surface of the body

vertebra

back bone

lateral

pertaining to the side

distal

far from the point of attachment to the trunk or far from the beginning of a structure

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