Edited the "Encyclopedia"
Wrote the "Spirit of Laws"
Wrote "The Social Contract"
This was used to criticized the government, the Church, and society
Described "perfect" government
Championed freedom of thought and religion
Believed in popular sovereignty
Belief that the truth can be determined solely by logical thinking
Period in the 1700s when philosophers believed that they could apply the scientific method and use reason to explain human nature logically.
System of government in which absolute monarchs ruled according to the principles of the Enlightenment
System of government in which the ruler determines policy without consulting either the people or the representatives
Gathering of the social, political, and cultural elite in France during the Enlightenment.
A group of thinkers or philosphers of the Enlightenment
Marie Thérèse Geoffrin
Hostess of one of the salons
City that was the center of intellectual activity during the Enlightenment
wrote "Second (Two) Treaties of Government"
life, liberty, and property
Locke believed that you kept these rights
English Civil War
Event that influenced Hobbes
Event that influenced Locke
Governmental principle based on just laws and on a government created by and subject to the will of the people.
Believed in the idea of popular sovereignty
Believed in Separation of Powers and Check and Balances
He influenced Enlightened Despots in Eastern Europe
Attacked injustice among nobility, government, church and believed in religious freedom
Jean d' Alembert
Co-edited the "Encyclopedia"
Wrote "A Vindication of the Rights of Woman"
Called for equal rights and education for woman
Enlightened despot who ruled Prussia
Enlightened despot who ruled Russia
Enlightened despot who ruled Austria
Enlightened despot who eliminated torture and the death penalty
Enlightened despot who drafted Russian constitution but never put it into practice
Enlightened despot who increased serfdom
Enlightened despot who ordered elementary education for all children
He believed that once people entered into a social contract, they could not rebel and that the monarch had right to put down rebellion
Believed that society began in anarchy and needed a absolute monarch to maintain a orderly society