semester one ap world final

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36. According to the information in the chart to the right,
human population increased at the fastest rate between
(make sure you understand the information in the chart)

1000 BCE- 500 BCE

37. Historians now believe that possible causes for the decline of the Harappan society include (p. 92 & 94)
(there will be three choices—are they all correct? only two of them, and which two? only one of them, and which one? or are none of them correct?)

Deforestation, natural catastrophes, invaders from central and western Asia

38. Early Chinese pictograph writing was similar to (p. 125)
(what other kind[s] of writing)

Sumerian and Egyptian

39. Moved by a quarrel over the headship of his clan, Ru began to make plans, He decided to build a large
seaworthy canoe and call together his friends and relations, and try to persuade enough of them to join him in searching for an uninhabited island somewhere toward the setting sun, where he felt sure he would find land and become a great chief. [He persuaded his four younger brothers, his four wives, and twenty young women from the ruling family of Havai'i to accompany him]...

Finding the island uninhabited, Ru divided it among the twenty young women, as they were of royal blood and consequently had first claim to the land. Ru told them that they were as mats on the floor, as other canoes were bound to come sooner or later bringing men. On these mats the men would sleep, and from them this new land would be populated

The Voyage of Ru

What can one conclude from Ru's story regarding social relationships in early Pacific Island societies? (p. 52)
(make sure you understand the information in the primary source excerpt and how that relates to the question)

Fairness. Overpopulation, social tensions, and thirst for adventure were motives for voyages

40. The Pharaoh sent me [Harkhuf] . . . to [the Upper Nubian kingdom of] Yam to open a way to that country...I brought from it all kinds of beautiful and rare gifts, and was praised for it greatly . . . His majesty sent me a second time alone . . . I came down [the Nile] bringing gifts from that country in great quantity, the likes of which had never before been brought back to this land . . . [The letter of Pharaoh Neferkare to Harkhuf]: You have said that you have brought a pygmy of the god's dances from the land of the [Nubians] . . . Come north to the residence at once! Hurry and bring with you this pygmy whom you have brought . . . My majesty desires to see this pygmy more than the gifts of the mine land [the Sinai Peninsula] and of Punt!

Autobiography of Harkhuf, before 2300 BCE

Based on the account of Harkhuf's travels above, what appears to be the prime motivation for state sponsored expeditions from Egypt to Kush? (p. 65)

His four expeditions to Nubia was to seek valuable items and report on political conditions there

42. The writing system to the left was invented in (p. 44)
(what specific area of the world?)

Sumerians

43. The funerary pyramid shown to the left is located in (p. 139)
(what specific area of the world?).

Tikal

"Large rats! Large rats!
Do not eat out wheat.
Three years have we had to do with you.
And you have not been willing to show any kindness for us.
We will leave you,
And go to that happy state
Happy state! Happy state!
There shall we find ourselves aright.

Book of Songs

In the quotation above, rats are a metaphor for (p. 120)
(make sure you understand the information in the primary source excerpt and how that relates to the question)

Royal or Aristocratic owners

. "When they divided Purusha, how many portions did they make?
What do they call his mouth, his arms? What do they call his thighs and feet?
The brahmin was his mouth, of both his arms was the kshatriya made
His thighs became the vaishya, from his feet the shudra was produced
The moon was gendered from his mind, and from his eye, the sun had birth.
Indra and Agni from his mouth were born, and Vayu from his breath.
Forth from his navel came mid-air; the sky was fashioned from his head;
Earth from his feet, and from his ear the regions.
Thus they formed the worlds."

Rig Veda

The excerpt from the hymn quoted above suggests that (p. 98)
(make sure you understand the information in the primary source excerpt and how that relates to the question)

Offers a brief account of the world's creation and the origin of the four castes (Varna). The creation came when the gods sacrificed Purusha, a primeval being who existed before the universe, and brought the world with all its creatures and features into being, Suggests that Aryans began to recognize the four castes about 1000 BCE. The hymn clearly reflects the interests of the Brahmin priests who composed it

And Hiram king of Tyre [King of the Phoenicians] sent his servants unto Solomon, for he had heard that they had anointed him king in the room of his father, for Hiram was ever a lover of David And Solomon sent to Hiram, saying, 'Now therefore command thou that they [Hiram's servants] hew me cedar trees out of Lebanon . . .'"

Kings 5:1 - 18, 9:26-28, 10:11-12
Old Testament

Based on the tone of the quotation above, what is implied about the relationship between the Phoenicians and the Israelites? (p. 50)

They dealt with Hiram, king of Phoenician city Tyre, who provided timber and construction workers and also helped Solomon obtain gold, precious stones, and decorative items for the temple. Helpful to each other.

. Loving union with wife and children
Is like the music of lutes
But it is the accord of brothers
That makes the harmony and happiness lasting

Book of Songs

The passage above expresses values that are central to which early society? (p. 122)
(make sure you understand the information in the primary source excerpt and how that relates to the question)

Ancient China

48. The original homeland of the Indo-Europeans was the (p. 53)
(what do you call the specific area?)

The Indo-Europeans came from the area between the Black Sea & the Caspian sea. Between 2500 & 2000 BC, they migrated all over Eurasia. Some went to Europe, some settled in Turkey and others migrated south-east instead.

49. Based on information shown on the map to the left, which of the following spread to central and southern Africa with the Bantu? (p. 81)

Bantu spread language and ethnic communities, as small groups moved to new territories and established settlements, which then became foundations for further expansion.

The army of terracotta figures shown to the left was found in the tomb of (p. 193)
(who?)

Qin Shihuangdi

55. The temple complex shown atop the hill in the picture above is located in (p. 240)
(what city?)

Athens

"Many of us are dying in this epidemic—that is many of us are being liberated from the world. The epidemic is a pestilence for the Jews and pagans and the enemies of Christ, but for the servants of God it is a welcome event. True, without any discrimination, the just are dying alongside the unjust, but you should not imagine that the evil and the good face a common destruction. The just are called to refreshment, while the unjust are herded off to punishment: the faithful receive protection, while the faithless receive retribution."

St Cyprian, 3rd century C.E.

The author of the passage above believes that (p. 301)
(make sure you understand the information in the primary source excerpt and how that relates to the question)

Imperials authorities blamed the outbreak on Christians who refused to honor pagan gods. Cyprian refuted this charge in his treatise On Morality, which described the symptoms of epidemic disease and reflected on its significance for the Christian community.

"Of these Twin Spirits, the Evil One chose to do the worst;
While the bountiful Holy Spirit of Goodness,
Clothing itself with the mossy heavens for a garment, chose the Truth;
And so will those who [seek to] please Ahura Mazda with
Righteous deeds, performed with faith in Truth...
And when there cometh Divine Retribution for the Evil One,
Then at Thy command shall the Good Mind establish
The Kingdom of Heaven, O Mazda,
For those who will deliver Untruth into the hands of Righteousness and Truth.

The Gathas

The quote above represents beliefs and gods from which major religion? (p. 176)
(what religion?)

Zoroastrianism

"You, sir, look at the caste and not the inherent qualities of monks. Haughty, deluded, and obsessed with caste, you harm yourself and others."

The social values expressed in the quote above are consistent with which of the following religions? (p. 223)
(there will be three choices—are they all correct? only two of them, and which two? only one of them, and which one? or are none of them correct?)

Buddhism

The Master said, 'He who exercises government by means of his virtue may be compared to the north polar star which keeps its place, while all the stars turn toward it' . . . 'If the people be led by laws, and uniformity be imposed on them by punishments, they will try to avoid punishment, but will have no sense of shame' . . . 'If they be led by virtue, and uniformity be provided for them by the rules of propriety, they will have the sense of shame, and moreover will become good' . . . 'When a prince's personal conduct is correct, his government is effective without the issuing of orders. If his personal conduct is not correct, he may issue orders, but they will not be followed.'"

The quotation above represents which philosopher's ideology on the proper way of ruling a state? (p. 184)
(what is the person's name?)

Confucius

Ye have heard that it hath been said, 'An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.' But I say unto you that ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on the right cheek, turn to him the other also. And if any man will sue thee at the law, and take away thy coat, let him have thy cloak also. And whosoever shall compel thee to go a mile, go with him two. Give to him that asketh thee, and from him that would borrow of thee turn not thou away."

Jesus
Sermon on the Mount

The moral philosophy expressed in the above passage is most consistent with that expressed in (p. 281)
(what primary source writing?)

Jesus' Moral and Ethical Teachings

62. Which region was NOT ruled by the Mauryan Empire? (p. 209)
(make sure you understand the information on the map and how that relates to the question)

Chandragupta Maurya exploited that opportunity and laid the foundation for the Mauryan empire, the first state to bring a centralized and unified government to most of the Indian subcontinent.

63. The existence of such a sophisticated network of roads (map above) suggests that the Roman Empire (p. 268)
(make sure you understand the information on the map and how that relates to the question)

Caesar's policies pointed the way toward a centralized, imperial form of government for Rome and its possessions, but the consolidation of that government had to wait for a new generation of leaders.

67. The Grand Canal, shown in the map above, achieved all of the following EXCEPT (p. 377)
(make sure you understand the information on the map and how that relates to the question)

Accomplished: facilitated trade between Northern and Southern China, make the abundant amount of supplies of rice and other food crops from the Yangzi River valley available to residents of northern regions, way to transport food crops in large quantities, supports a large volume of trade between north and south.

68. The map to the left shows the (p. 442)
(make sure you understand the information on the map and how that relates to the question)

The dissolution of the Carolingian empire and the invasions of early medieval Europe in the ninth and tenth centuries.

"Thou has come to arrive at a place of weariness, a place of anguish, a place of fatigue where there is cold,
there is wind . . . Though wilt be in the heart of the home, thou wilt go nowhere, though wilt nowhere
become a wanderer, thou becomest the banked fire, the hearth stones. Here our lord planteth thee, burieth
thee . . . thou art to provide water, to grind maize, to drudge; though art to sweat by the ashes, by the
hearth."

Speeches to newborn children by a Mexica midwife
The Journal of Nernardino de Sahagun, mid-sixteenth century.

Based on the evidence given in this quote, what can one infer about the roles of women in pre-Columbian
Mexica society? (p. 545)
(make sure you understand the information in the primary source excerpt and how that relates to the question)

They roles was to keep the houses and prepare food and other things

Without doubt there is in these lands a very large quantity of gold . . . And also there are stones, and there are precious pearls and infinite spicery . . . And also here there is probably a great quantity of cotton; and I think that it would sell very well here without taking it to Spain but to the big cities belonging to the Grand [Mongol] Khan."

What does the quote above reveal about Columbus? (p. 607)
(make sure you understand the information in the primary source excerpt and how that relates to the question)

He is concerned ab.out profit and is not loyal to the Spanish who funded his travels

"To give the monopoly of the home market to the produce of domestic industry, in any particular art or manufacture, is in some measure to direct private people in what manner they ought to employ their capitals, and must, in almost all cases, be either a useless or a hurtful regulation. If the produce of domestic can be brought there as cheap as that of foreign industry, the regulation is evidently useless. If it cannot, it must generally be hurtful."

Whose philosophy is expressed in the quote above? (p. 654)

Adam smith

88. The quote above is a critique of which economic theory? (p. 654)
(what economic theory?)

The capitalistic market

89. "And we cannot reckon how great the damage [caused by Portuguese merchants] is, since the mentioned merchants are taking every day out natives, sons of the land and the sons of our noblemen and vassals and our relatives . . . our country is being completely depopulated . . . That is why we beg of Your Highness to help and assist us in this matter, commanding your factors that they should not [practice slaving] because it is our will that in these Kingdoms there should not be any trade of slaves nor outlet for them."
King Alphonso IKing of Kongo, in a letter to the kings of Portugal, 1526.

The tone of this selection suggests that King Alphonso regards the King of Portugal as (p. 701)

Calm, but pleading

90. "The first object that saluted my eyes when I arrived on the coast was the sea, and a slave ship which was then riding at anchor and waiting for its cargo. These filled me with astonishment, which was soon converted into terror when I was carried on board. I was immediately handled and tossed up . . . by some of the crew, and I was now persuaded that I had gotten into a world of bad spirits and that they were going to kill me."

This quote above is most likely from (p. 710)
(make sure you understand the information in the primary source excerpt and how that relates to the question)

a slave

91. "Our Celestial Empire possesses all things in prolific abundance and lacks no product within its own borders. There [is] no need to import the manufactures of outside barbarians in exchange for our own produce. But as [the goods] which the Celestial Empire produces are absolute necessities to European nations and yourselves, we have permitted . . . that your wants might be supplied and your country thus participate in our beneficence."

Qianlong
Letter to King George III of England, 1793

92. This quote above demonstrates which belief of the Chinese rulers? (p. 736)
(make sure you understand the information in the primary source excerpt and how that relates to the question)

This letter shows that China was powerful and did not want anything that Europe had to offer inn exchange for their goods

93. "Thou has come to arrive at a place of weariness, a place of anguish, a place of fatigue where there is cold, there is wind . . . Though wilt be in the heart of the home, thou wilt go nowhere, though wilt nowhere become a wanderer, thou becomest the banked fire, the hearth stones. Here our lord planteth thee, burieth thee . . . thou art to provide water, to grind maize, to drudge; though art to sweat by the ashes, by the hearth."

Speeches to newborn children by a Mexica midwife
The Journal of Nernardino de Sahagun, mid-sixteenth century.

Based on the evidence given in this quote, what can one infer about the roles of women in pre-Columbian Mexica society? (p. 545)
(make sure you understand the information in the primary source excerpt and how that relates to the question)

run/keep the houses

94. Which Crusades reached the Kingdom of Jerusalem in the Holy Land? (p. 530)
(First Crusade, Second Crusade, Third Crusade,
Fourth Crusade , a combination of two of them, a
combination of three of them, a combination of
four of them, none of them?)

only the first crusade

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