English STAAR Review

62 terms by achan238 

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Key terms for English I and II STAAR- Chandler, Maxwell, Ankomah, Hickmon

narrative

The telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events.

dialogue

a conversation between two persons

setting

when and where the story takes place

narrator

in a narrative, the person telling the story

protagonist

the main character in a literary work

antagonist

A character or force in conflict with the main character

conflict

a struggle between two opposing forces

inference

a logical guess based on evidence or reasoning

theme

the universal message of a story

point of view

the perspective from which the story is told

first person

a character narrates the story with I-me-my-mine in his or her speech

third-person omniscient

writer is not in the story but knows and decribes all the character's thoughts and ideas

third-person limited

The narrator is an outsider who sees into the mind of one of the characters.

dramatic irony

occurs when another character(s) and/or the audience know more than one or more characters on stage about what is happening

symbolism

the practice of using a person, thing, or object to represent something else

tone

The writer's or speaker's attitude toward the subject of a story, toward a character, or toward the audience (the readers).

mood

the overall feeling of a story

figurative language

language that uses words or expressions with a meaning that is different from the literal interpretation

simile

a sentence that compares two unlike things using "like" or "as"

metaphor

a comparison of two unlike things without using "like" or "as"

personification

giving human traits to non-living things

hyperbole

an extreme exaggeration

foreshadowing

when an author mentions or hints at something that will happen later in the story

flashback

when an author refers back to something that already took place in the story

audience

who the author is trying to persuade

argument

a reasoned defense of a position or claim

claim

what the author believes or wants to prove to his or her audience

evidence

facts, reasons, data, or opinions to support a claim

counterargument

an argument that opposes your claim

repetition

the repeated use of the same word or phrase, usually for emphasis

parallelism

repeated use of the same sentence structure, usually to show two topics are of equal importance

allusion

a reference to a well-known person, place, or event

analogy

a point by point comparison of two subjects

emotional appeal

an argument that appeals to the reader's emotions

logical appeal

an argument that makes sense, appeals to what you know is right or smart

expert opinion

an opinion made by an expert on the topic

facts and figures

numbers, tables, and graphs are used to support a claim

aside

an actor turns and speaks directly to the audience

soliloquy

a long speech in which a character speaks at length to only himself or herself

monologue

a long speech in which one character speaks at length to another character

character foil

a character that has traits that are exactly the opposite of the protagonist's

stage directions

included in the scripts, tells actors exactly what to do and how to do it

chronological order

presents information in sequence or in the order in which it happens

cause and effect

shows what happens and why it happens

compare and contrast

shows similarities and differences between two or more things

problem and solution

presents a problem and its solution(s)

order of importance

starts with the most important point and ends with the least or vice versa

rhyme

the repetition of similar sounds

alliteration

the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words

imagery

Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)

thesis

the main idea of an essay to be proved/explained (subject + two opinions)

melodramatic

overly emotional or sentimental

melancholy

sad, depressed

optimistic

expecting the best

pessimistic

seeing the worst side of things; no hope

sarcastic

ridicule by saying the opposite of what the speaker means

critical

marked by a tendency to find and call attention to errors and flaws

cynical

believing the worst of human nature and motives

autobiography

story of a person's life written by that person

biography

story of a person's life written by another person

memoir

an account of the author's personal experiences

nostalgic

wishing for a return to the way things used to be; longing for the past

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