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grozing

The process of chipping away rough cuts on stained glass; preparing stained glass pieces for insertion into a greater artwork.

ambulatory

A walkway that encircles an area. Previously, this feature was found in only central-plan churches. It was added to longitudinal-plan churches to allow large groups of pilgrims greater access to relics.

polychromy

Multicolored painting on the surface of sculpture or architecture.

ribbed vaulting

A vaulting system where curved bands of masonry cover the diagonal ridges of the vault.

Abbot Suger

Mastermind behind the design changes at St-Denis that set the standard for Gothic architecture.

High Gothic

1194-1260 CE. A period marked by the reconstruction of Chartres Cathedral.

flying buttress

An arched exterior support that counters the outward thrust of the interior vaulting system.

pointed arch

An Islamic form of an arch; slightly pointed at the apex of the arch. Used in Christian churches so builders could span more space and build higher.

stained glass

An artform that virtually replaced mosaics in Gothic churches.

cartoon

A full-scale drawing used by glass cutters creating stained glass windows for churches.

mullions

The thin stone bars that form a delicate and lacy framework of bar tracery for stained glass windows.

Early Gothic

1140-1194 CE. 1194 is the year in which Chartres Cathedral burned; the rebuild incorporated the fundamentals introduced by Abbott Suger, but expanded the church to a completely new scale.

choir (in architecture)

The area in a church between the nave and the sanctuary. Established in the Romanesque pilgrimage churches, but enhanced by non-load bearing walls of stained glass in the Gothic period.

triforium

An arcaded wall passageway; occupies the space between the upper and lower stories of High Gothic cathedrals.

cames

The strips of lead that surrounded individually prepared stained glass pieces.

rose window

A circular window with stained glass and stone tracery used on the facades of Gothic cathedrals.

Gothic

A term popularized by a 16th c. artist who attributed the architecture of the 12th/13th centuries to German invaders. In its own day, this architecture was called modern.

lancets

Tall openings with pointed tops.

hall church

A church with an open and airy interior space' characterized by a nave and side aisles of equal height.

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