pain receptors - free sensory neve endings that are presnt in most tissues (hot cold mechanical
aera of skin innervated by a spinal nerve
chemically similar to opiates
pain that is felt at a different location than origin
degree of pain either its intensity or duration that is endured before an individual takes action (increase release of endorphins increase pain tolerance)
related to abnormal cerebral blood flow
meperidine, morphine (reduce stress and distractors)
area of skin innervated by a spinal nerve
spinal or regional anesthesia
epidural injection in lower spinal cord
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