the substance that brings about oxidation, oxygen
substances that bring about reduction
the production of electricity by chemical changes and the chemical changes produced by electricity
the charge the element would have if all the shared pairs of electrons in the lewis structure for the species were transferred to the more electronegative atom
inorganic oxygen containing acids
the anions of the oxo acids
half reaction of oxidation
electrons are the product of ____ ________ __ _________
the loss of electrons
half reaction of reduction
electrons are a reactant in a
the gain of electrons
reactions in which he same species is both oxidized and reduced
substances that are available pure and are used to standardize solutions of other substances
the separation of metals from their ores, and the working or heating of metals so as to give them certain properties
materials that have metallic properties but are not pure metals
alloys that contain more than 50% iron and 0.03-1.5% carbon
iron ore is reduced to metallic iron in a _____ _______
basic oxygen process
the most common process of making iron into steel
electric arc furnaces
used to make high quality steel
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