"peace without victory"
moving address by Widrow wilson (beating Germany without embarrassing them)
unrestricted submarine warfare
which meant that its U-boats would now be firing on armed and unarmed ships in the war zone.
Written by German foreign secretary Arthur Zimmerman, it secretly proposed an alliance between Germany and Mexico. It proposed that if Mexico fought against the U.S. and the Central Powers won, Mexico could recover Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona from the U.S.
first women from Montana elected to congress; voted against war (both world wars)
"make the world safe for democracy"
President Wilson and many Americans believed that the US had to join the war to pave the way for a future order of peace and freedom
peace without victory
wilsons motto after the war to have peace in Europe but not punish the Germans
Fourteen Points Address
No more secret treaties. Freedom of the seas was to be maintained. A removal of economic barriers among nations. Reduction of armament burdens. Adjustment of colonial claims in the interests of natives and colonizers, Self-determination, League of Nations
independence for oppressed minority groups who'd choose their government
League of Nations
international organization that would keep the peace and settle world disputes.
Committee on Public Information
created to "sell" the war to those people who were against it or to just gain support for it.
Headed the Committee on Public Information, for promoting the war effort in WWI
Espionage Act of 1917
provided fines and imprisonment for persons who aided the enemy, obstructed with the draft, caused disloyaly or refusal of duty in the army services. printed materials advocating treason could be excluded from the US mail
Sedition Act of 1918
added to Espionage Act to cover "disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive language" about the American form of government, the Constitution, the flag, or the armed forces.
William D. Haywood
Industrial Workers of the World Leader, convicted and prison
head the War Industries Board, He headed the War Industries Board which placed the control of industries into the hands of the federal government. It was a prime example of War Socialism.
War Industries Board
Agency established during WWI to increase efficiency & discourage waste in war-related industries.
National War Labor Board
settled any possible labor difficulties that might hamper the war efforts.
gave women the right to vote
Sheppard-Towner Maternity Act of 1921
federally financed instruction in maternal and infant health care.
head the Food Administration, spurned ration cards in favor of voluntary "Meatless Tuesdays" and "Wheatless Wednesdays," suing posters, billboards, and other media to whip up a patriotic spirit which encouraged people to voluntarily sacrifice some of their own goods for the war.
Prohibited the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages
certificates of debt issued by a government -- the government uses the money to pay for a war and pays the investor at a certain future date
Led by Vladimir Lenin it was the Russian communist party that took over the Russian goverment during WWI
Henry Cabot Lodge
very intelligent man who used to be the "scholar in politics" until Wilson came along and was therefore jealous and spiteful of Wilson, the Republicans got even more angry.
Italy, France, Britain, U.S.
War Guilt Clause
(1) it formally placed blame on Germany, a proud and embarrassed people, and (2) it charged Germany for the costs of war, $33 billion.
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
Senators who voted against the League of Nations with or without reservations
elected Vice President and succeeded as 30th President of the United States when Harding died in 1923 (1872-1933)
James M. Cox
Democrat candidate in 1920 presidential election