Ancient Greece

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monarchy

Form of Government in which a hereditary ruler exercises power

oligarchy

Form of government in which power is in the hands of land owning wealthy elite

aristocracy

Form of government in which power is in the hands of hereditary land owning elite

democracy

Form of government by the people

city-states

or polis, a city and surrounding territory governed by a single ruler

Spartan life/culture

Militaristic, brutal life, women could own property
had little use for ideals and arts

Athenian life/culture

worked towards democracy, women cared for children and received no education, great interest in the arts

tyrants

people who gained power by force, won support on poor and merchant class for imposing reforms

Rich vs. Poor power struggles

struggles that included farmers selling land and family into slavery, nobles becoming extremely powerful

Persian Wars

Series of wars between Greece and Persia
Persia controlled Greece and the Greeks rebelled
Battles of Marathon, Thermopylae and Salamis
Greece won and Greeks felt a sense of uniqeness

Peloponnesian War

War between Sparta and Athens, started because Pericles corrupted Delian League.

Socrates

Greek Philosopher who was Plato's teacher was put on trial for corrupting youth of Greece

Aristotle

Greek Philosopher who addressed the issue how a person ought to live

Plato

Greek Philosopher who addressed what the ideal state should be

acropolis

the part of Athens which had giant marble buildings devoted to the gods

Pericles

Athenian ruler who ruled the Delian League and took money from it to rebuild Athens

Delian League

Alliance between Athens and other Greek city-states
Athens used money from this league to rebuild the city

Plato's Republic

Plato's idea on the ideal government

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