North China Plain
the region where human culture and settlement began in ancient China
yellowish brown soil that blows in from the desert, very fertile and enriching to the land
platforms of earth that look like stairs, ancient Chinese grew crops on these
at the northern tip of the North China Plain, modern China's capital, a center of government and culture since the 13th century
This river winds through the North China Plain.
Huang River Valley
Around 3000 BC, early civilizations in China made their homes here.
Broad embankments built up along the banks of a river channel. These may be naturally created by floods or they can be artificially constructed to keep a river in its banks.
a region in southern China, just north of present-day Vietnam that has one of the best climates for farming
a system of cultivation in which two crops are grown on the same land in the same year
region of China called the "Roof of the World", is very rocky, is surrounded by mountain ranges, and is located in the Himalayan Mt. Range
Name the tallest mountain range in the world which is located on the southern border of the Tibetan Plateau.
a town in Eastern China known for its artifacts of dragon bones (but were actually tortoise and animal bones with writing on them)
pictures that represent words (as opposed to letters that represent sounds)
a legendary period in China (2000-1700 BC), stories Pangu, the creator of the universe and later stories of superheroes who invented useful things and taught people how to survive date from this period
the first dynasty of ancient China, which began between 1760 and 1500 BC
the period in which tools and weapons were made of bronze (like the Shang dynasty period in ancient China)
cattle bones or tortoise shells on which Chinese priests would write questions and then interpret answers from the cracks that formed when the bones were heated
In 1027 BC a leader of this dynasty conquered the armies of the last Shange ruler and began this period of Chinese history
more than 800 years
How long did the Zhou dynasty, the longest of the Chinese dynasties last?
What did women in Western Zhou cultivate in order to feed silkworms?
What part of a silkworm is used to make silk?
What was the capital of Eastern Zhou, the second part of the Zhou dynasty, dating from 770-221 BC?
Founder of the short-lived Qin dynasty and creator of the Chinese Empire (r. 221-210 B.C.E.). He is remembered for his ruthless conquests of rival states and standardization. The first emperor of China.
the Chinese dynasty (from 246 BC to 206 BC) that established the first centralized imperial government and built much of the Great Wall
this is the biggest engineering project in world history, and it was begun by Shi Huangdi.
How long did the Quin dynasty last?
This dynasty dates from 206 BC - 220 AD. It stretched as far south as Vietnam and Cambodia. It's first ruler was a peasant.
Meaning "High Ancestor" the first ruler of the Han dynasty...
a relative who lived longer ago than a grandparent
How did Han Gaozu become emperor after Shi Huangdi?
Ruled China from 141-87 BC as a part of the Han dynasty. He made many improvements to China, divided lands owned by princes and lords, and built new roads.
chinese scholer,astronomer and historian; wrote the most important historyof ancient china
one of the best known women who achieved a position of status in Han China. A Confucian scholar and writer who wrote poems and essays and the history of the Han dynasty.
the practice of using skills and talents to work for the government
people who go between buyers and sellers
An ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean Sea extending some 6,440 km (4,000 mi) and linking China with the Roman Empire. Marco Polo followed the route on his journey to Cathay.
Chinese philosopher, administrator, and moralist. His social and moral teachings, collected in the Analects , tried to replace former religious observances
Where was Confucius (or Kung Fuzi) born in 551 BC?
a high ranking social class, membership is determined by birth
Book of Documents
Zhou dynasty text that Confucius interpreted and revived
a record of the words and acts of the central Chinese thinker and philosopher Confucius and his disciples
The system of ethics, education, and statesmanship taught by Confucius and his disciples, stressing love for humanity, ancestor worship, reverence for parents, and harmony in thought and conduct.
Mandate of Heaven
a political theory of ancient China in which those in power were given the right to rule from a divine source
major follower of Confucius; stressed that humans were essentially good and that governments required the consent of their subjects.
the "Old Master" who encouraged people to give up worldly desires in favor of nature; he founded Taoism (Daoism), stressed that people should live in harmony with nature.
the ultimate principle of the universe, "the way"
philosophical system developed by of Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu advocating a simple honest life and noninterference with the course of natural events