below thalamus in brain; makes releasing hormone GHRH
in brain; "master gland"
anterior side of neck; largest endocrine organ; makes T3 and T4 , and calcitonin
4 glands on posterior part of thyroid; makes PTH
superior part of kidney; outer part; makes cortisol & aldosterone
superior part of kidney; inner part; makes sympathomimetic "fight or flight" hormones epinephrine & norepinephrine (adrenaline)
upper abdomen; makes glucagon and insulin; also is and "exocrine" gland=digestion
islets of Langerhans
hormone producing cells in pancreas
increase blood glucose
decrease blood glucose
female reproductive system; makes estrogen & progesterone
male reproductive system; make testosterone
FSH, LH (anterior pituitary)
stimulates ovaries and testes
GH (anterior pituitary)
growth hormone stimulates growth of bones and organs
ACTH (anterior pituitary)
stimulates adrenal cortex --> cortisol
prolactin (anterior pituitary)
oxytocin (posterior pituitary)
uterine contractions and milk let-down
ADH (posterior pituitary)
"anti-diuretic hormone"-- increases H2O reabsorbtion by kidneys, helps body retain water
stimulates thyroid to produce calcitonin and T3 & T4
decreases blood Calcium
T3 and T4
anti-inflammation & helps make energy
female reproductive functions
male reproductive functions
for "fight or flight" responses (sympathomimetic)
increases reabsorbtion of sodium (Na+) by kidneys
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