AP World Midterm

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The earliest hominids

lived in Africa

Periodization in the Advanced Placement World History Course

Assists students in comparing societies and trends within periods

Which of the following is NOT true of most Stone Age societies?

Humans tended to be more aggressive during the Stone Age than later periods.

The central aspect of the Neolithic Revolution was the

emergence of systematic food production techniques capable of regularly growing grains and vegetables and breeding, working and eating domesticated animals

Mesopotamian civilization

was made of cities and located in a river valley

The people who created the first Mesopotamian civilization were the

Sumerians

Which of the following is both true in Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia?

Both had polytheism

Which of the following aspects did the Harrapan, Shang, and Sumerian civilization have in common?

River-based settlements

Which of the following statements about the Code of Hammurabi and the Justinian Code are accurate?

The importance of each was that they attempted to organize laws in ways that the people could understand

Which of the following earliest civilizations generally differed from the others in its emphasis on the supreme importance of the family, life on earth rather than life after death, and learning and literacy?

China

The Egyptian civilization was similar to the Sumerian civiliation

in its system of social stratification

The Phoenicians

invented the alphabet (phoenetic alphabet)

The ideas of Zorastrianism

according to the Zend Avesta, states that there was only one god

The Persian Empire

built a road that connected the empire from Susa to Sardis

The two major cities of the Indus River Valley civilization

were Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro

The purpose of Asoka's great polished sandstone pillars during the Mauryan Dynasty was to

commemorate events in Buddha's life

A key difference between Hinduism and Buddhism was that Buddhism

was simpler, as it rejected the numerous Hindu gods

The idea of the Mandate of Heaven was

introduced by the Zhou Dynasty and it served to legitimize its power

Probably the most significant explanation for the fall of the Qin Dynasty is that the

factionalist and resentment created by Qin Shi Huangdi's policies created internal weaknesses that undermines the dynasty's survival after his death.

the terra-cotta figures near the Qin First Emperor's burial mound demonstrate the

huge expenditures that were devoted to afterlife preparation for the monarch

The period known as "The Warring States" refers to

the period of disorder in China before the establishment of the Qin dynasty

Confucianism and Buddhism

did not believe that their founders were gods

Greek geography

contained mountainous areas that impeded Greek unity

Which of the following was not one of Aristotles ideas?

the belief that our world was merely an imperfect reflection of the true reality

Which of the following statements is not an accurate characterization of the Greek polis?

it played a significant role in unifying all Greeks throughout the entire region under a single government

All of the following was true about the peloponnesion was except

the ultimate result of the war was aunified Greece headed by the city of Thebes

By the time he died, at the age of thirty-two, Alexander had conquered all except

central Gaul

Augustus's government was...

a monarchy disguised as a democracy

Which of the following was the leading cultural center of the Hellenistic world?

Alexandria

The cheif executive officers of the Roman Republic who were responsible for leading the Roman army into battle and administering the government were the

consuls

The following was the first Emperor of Rome

Octavian

By Roman law

defendants did have the right to challenge their accusors before a judge

The key figure in the spread of Christianity outside the Jewish community was

Paul of Tarsus

Which Roman emperor divided the empire and created economic reforms to stop inflation?

Diocletian

In Comparing the Han dynasty with the Rome Empire, which of the following statements is NOT correct?

While Rome was successful at spreading its culture across wide areas, the Han were unable to difuse their culture to neighboring lands

The most important reason that Chinese civilization did not lose its identity after the fall of the Han Dynasty was

a shared belief in Confucianism

A technological advancement used to navigate the seas in the Indian Ocean was the

lateen sail

The foundation of Ancient Chinese society is found in all of the following EXCEPT

reincarnation

The mit'a labor system was used by the

Inca

Most Mesoamerican rulers tended to be both

despotic and severe

Which of the following was NOT a charaacteristic of all Mesopotamian civiliations between 600 and 1450 CE?

All used chinampas to raise agriculture

In contrast to Mesoamerican an the Andes region of South America during the period from 600 to 1450, people in North America were

not organized into large civilizations

During the time of the Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphates, Islam was

promoted the use of shari'a law

An important unifying force within the Muslim Caliphates was

the widespread use of the Arabic language

The Abbasid Caliphate eventually was destroyed by the

Mongols

The area in which Islam showed the most profound change during the seventh and fifteenth centuries was in

the role of women

The Crusades

were due, in part, to power shifts stemming from the weakening of the Byzantine Empire after the rise of the Seljuk Turks

The Christian schism in 1054 resulted from

the Pope's claim that he was the head of all branches of Christianity, including the Orthodox Church

Which of the following qualifies as the primary source on the teachings of Muhammad?

The Hadith

This city became one of West Africa's greatest centers of trade and Islamic scholarship from the thirteenth to the fifteenth centuries

Timbuktu

Where was ayllus located?

Latin America / Caribbean

Where was Italy located?

Western Europe

Where was Abbside Dynasty located?

Middle East

Where was Berbers located?

North Africa

Where was Timbuktu located?

West Africa

Where was Delhi Sultanate located?

South Asia

Where was Yuan Dynasty located?

East Asia

Where was Great Zimbabwe located?

Southern Africa

Where was Kilwa located?

East Africa

Where was Angkor Wat located?

South East Asia

Where was Malacca Strait

South East Asia

The Indian sea routes used by the romans to ship Silk Road imports back to Rome

expanded in the first century C.E. when sailors mastered the monsoon winds

The Buddhists who applied the term "lesser vehicle" to their rivals were eventually known as

Mahayana

Which of the following was a valid observation about the social practices in the societies of traditional Southeast Asia?

Southeast Asian women had more rights than Indian and Chinese women

the most fmaous example of the Buddhist architecture that employed a massive empty stupa with sculpted terraces is the temple on Java at

Bobobudur

The Chinese civil service examination system

was no longer used after the early 600s

The Mongols were able to maintain control in China for an extended period because they

repidly assimilated into Chinese society

Empress Wu

made a significant contribution to the civil service examination system

The motives for the voyages of Zhenghe possibly included

tradin gprofits, curiosity, military conquest

Which of the following would you say is a more accuraate depiction of the comparison between medieval Chinese and Western thought?

China empiricism constant chaos while Europe was always at peace

The fundmental purpose of Neo-Confucianism was

to unite the metaphysical speculations of Buddhism and Daoism with the prgmatic confucian approach to society

The bakfu system

implemented the use of the uji wherever it came to power

The "shogunate system" was established by

Minamoto Yoritomo

The essence of the "shogunate system" was that

govermental power became centralized under the shogun, while the emperor rules in name only.

Unlike the situation in China, the struggle between central authority and local aristocracies endured into early modern times in Japan becase

China established a merit-based civil service examination system, while the Japanese maintained it as an elitist system, thus enhancing the power of the aristocracy

Shinto

involved the preformance of ritual acts, usually preformed at a shrine

The Peloponnesian Was was fought between

two groups of Greek adversaries under the leadership of Athens and Sparta

The freedom and independance of the Greek polis finally fell under

Phillip II by 338 B.C.E.

By 327 B.C.E. Alexander's troops refused to go any further from home after the reached

India

Which of the following is not true with regard to Alexandria of Egypt?

It was originally a colony of Athens

Which of the following is true with regard to Minoan and Mycenaean socieites?

Both societies built palaces

By "tyrants" the Greeks meant

ambitious polititcians who gained power by irregular means

Which of the following was part of Spartan life?

Boys were taken away from their mothers for military training, young married women did not live with their husbands, the helots were unfree servants of the Spartan state, Vigorous physical excercise for girls was encouraged, in hopes that they wouuld bear strong children

In Homer's "Iliad" and "Odyssey", the ancient Greeks were portrayed as

expert and fearless seafarers

Which of the following was an Athenian political leader?

Pericles

How democratic was the Athenian democracy?

All citizens were qualified to join the city counsils

Between the mid-eighth and the late sixth centuries B.C.E., the Greeks founded more than 400 coloines along the shores of the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. The driving force behind such a morvement was primarily

population pressure

Which of the following was not a consequence of Greek colonization?

it disrupted trade and commerce

The Delian Leagure was created to

discourage further Persian invasions

According to Plato, Socrates' view of death was that

no evil can happen to a good man either in life or after death

Which of the following was true of the religions of salvation in Hellenistic society?

They promised the possibility of eternal bliss, the cult of Osiris became one of the most popular, many included the belif in a savior who dies and is resurrected, faith in them spread along the trade routes

The Greek peninsula was

ideal for cultivation olives and grapes

What would you have been likely to have witnessed in classical Greece?

A Spartan woman took up arms to defend the polis

Greek philosophy is often characterized as "rational" because

it was based purely on human reason

Whichi is not one of Plato's ideas?

the belief that only democracy could make the philosopher-king possible

The most respected and influential of the Hellenistic philosophers were

the Aristotelians

What was not an economic factor in medieval China?

The Sui dynasty closed the Silk Road

In terms of its relations with neighboring powers, the Song

met their ultimate demise at the hands of the Mongols

Neo-Confucianism

under Zhu Xi, divided the world into a material world and a transcendent world

In the Chinese civil service examination system,

in comparison to other civiliations, the process provided a means for upward social mobility

With the increase in trade and urban activities during the Tang and Song eras,

a landed gentry class assumed a position of social and economic dominance

In medieval China, the tribute system

maintained a working trade relationship between the Chinese and foreign merchants and rulers

As a result of early Tang rule

Buddhist influence helped to produce a blossoming of Chinesse culture

In the Chinese civil service examination system

many candidates who passed the first examination did not go on to a higher level

Over the course of the three centuries after the fall of the Han and before the rise of the Sui Dynasty

Buddhism developed a much wider following amoung the Chinese people

all of the following factors contributed to the end of Mongol rule in China except

the plague that killed millions of Mongols in 1241 and 1242

Under Song rule in China, the system of local government

permitted villages to administer themselves, gave specific and vital responsibilities to the village "council of elders", enabled the most prominent families in the village to dominate the concil of elders, and essentially remained as it had been under the Tang

State Confucianism

emerged in China after the Tang dynasty's brief flirtation with Buddhism

Which of the following was true about the power of the Mongols?

They achieved more success in China than the rest of East Asia

The nomadic people who aligned with the Tang to dominate much of the carrying trade along the Silk Road were the

Uighurs

Because of the threat of the Khitan nomads, the first capital of the Song dynasty was _____, and additional threats from the north later forced the Song to move the capital to ______.

Kaifeng, and Hangzhou

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