Civil Constitution of the Clergy
Passed July 12, 1790 during the French Revolution, subordinated the Roman Catholic Church in France to the French government.
Honore Gabriel Victor de Mirabeau
(1749-1791) A French politician and orator, a prominent figure in the National Assembly that governed France during the early phases of the French Revolution
King of France (1774-1792) In 1789 he summoned the Estates-General, but he did not grant the reforms that were demanded and revolution followed; was executed in 1793
a conflict, lasting from 1808 to 1813, in which Spanish rebels, with the aid of British forces, fought to drive Napoleon's French troops out of Spain.
Commoners; all the people not nobility or clergy
Emmanuel Joseph Sieyes
A clergyman who was a leading spokesman for the third estate; suggested the National Assembly
Oath of the Tennis Court
The 3rd Estate took an oath saying until a new constitution was made they would not leave the Estates General--> formed the National Assembly
lead by Marquis de Lafayette, this army was formed after the Bastille to suppress revolutionaries
Constitution of 1791
It established a limited monarchy w/a clear separation of power; there was a unicameral legislature elected by indirect voting; every adult male with minimal taxpaying requirements could vote
Literally "those without knee breeches;" working-class revolutionaries who initiated the radical stage of teh French Revolution
Radical republicans during the French Revolution; led by Maximilien Robespierre from 1793 to 1794.
Committee of Public Safety
The leaders under Robespierre who organized the defenses of France, conducted foreign policy, and centralized authority during the period from 1792-1795
The violent backlash in France against the rule of Robspierre that began with his arrest and execution in July 1794; most of the instruments of the Terror were dismantled; Jacobins were purged from public office; Jacobin supporters were harassed or even murdered
The position that Napoleon declared himself in order to seize power in France
Charles Alexander de Calonne
Financial advisor in 1780's, thought about future (unlike Necker), called Assebly of Notables, since debt was unbearable, failed to gain support of 1st and 2nd estates (needed a consistent tax base), therefore, need to call Estates General on May 5 (elections)
Twelve bodies that served as courts and governing bodies in certain areas in France. In 1648, Mazarin's opponents presented him with demands which would have given these institutions a form of constitutional power
The French national assembly summoned in 1789 to remedy the financial crisis and correct abuses of the ancient regime
The revolution that began in 1789, overthrew the absolute monarchy of the Bourbons and the system of aristocratic privileges, and ended with Napoleon's overthrow of the Directory and seizure of power in 1799
Battle of Nations
Battle at Liepzig where Prussia, Great Britain, Sweden, Russia, Austria forced France to retreat
The political prison and armory stormed on July 14, 1789, by Partisian city workers alarmed by the king's concentration of troops at Versailles
French Revolutionary assembly (1789-1791). Called first as the Estates General, the three estates came together and demanded radical change. It passed the Declaration of the Rights of Man in 1789
Paper currency, the French churches were used as collateral -the first French paper currency issued by the General Assembly.
The third estate of the Estates General -broke from the Estates because they wanted the Estates to sit as a committee and not as segregated groups
The group in government that sat to the right and were conservative
Cult of the Supreme Being
Robespierre's attempt to an alternative to Christianity with this deistic cult
Government set up during the French Revolution by the Constitution of 1795. Legislative power was placed in the Council of Five Hundred and the Council of Ancients
Napoleon's efforts to block foreign trade with England by forbidding importation of British goods into Europe
Required military service
Lomenie de Brienne
(1727-1794) Was a French churchman, politician and finance minister of Louis XVI
He the French financial advisor in 1774; he was a physiocrat who was fired after 18 months on the job because he was questioned by the nobility
Cahiers de doleances
Statements of local grievances that were drafted throughout France during the elections to the Estates-General
(1710-1774) The lazy and weak French king who was easily influenced by mistresses and ministers; grandson of Louis XIV and king of France from 1715 to 1774 who led France into the War of the Austrian Succession and the Seven Years' War
the battle on 18 June 1815 in which Napoleon met his final defeat; Prussian and British forces under Blucher and the Duke of Wellington routed the French forces under Napoleon
Marquis de Lafayette
Young patriot from France who became George Washington's aide durng the Revolution. Gave money to the colonial cause and became like a son to George Washington.
Administrative districts of France
Russian Campaign of 1812
Napoleon's decision to invade Russia
The other side of the national convention. It was named thus after its tendency for the members to sit in the high benches in the left corner. Wanted to continue the war on tyranny like the Girondists did. Much, much more liberal. Believed very strongly in the visible hand. The Mountain was the much more radical group which was much more angry with the government and the state of the union.
"The incorruptable;" the leader of the bloodiest portion of the French Revolution. He set out to build a republic of virtue.
Reign of Terror
The historic period (1793-94) during the French Revolution when thousands were executed
French general who became emperor of the French (1769-1821)
A comprehensive and uniform system of laws established for France by Napoleon