The legal system in the US that made it a crime for blacks and whites to be in the same public space together.
the montgomery bus boycott
blacks boycotted the city buses for 381 days choosing to walk rather than take a backseat to whites (nonviolent form of protest)
holt street baptist church
The gatherinc place where Dr. King spoke against segregated buses and thus began the Montgomery bus boycott.
little rock's central high school
This is the famous highschool in Arkansas where 9 black students integrated an all white school.
lunch counter sit-ins in the 1960s
Four blacks started a sit in at Woolworth's lunch counter that would only serve white customers.
the little rock nine
Name given to the 9 black teenagers integrated Central High school in Little Rock. They went to school with armed guards for a year.
A philosiphy inspired by Gandhi and this was a philosophy that was used by the movement.
the freedom riders
A group of blacks and whites set out on a bus trip to test a supreme court order outlawing segregation in bus terminals. They were met with violence but didn't retaliate.
sixteenth street baptist church in birmingham, alabama
A meeting place in a church in Burmingham, Alabama which was bombed by the KKK killing 4 young girls.
voter registration for blacks in 1964
Whites used violent methods to keep blacks from voting. Whites and blacks from the Northern states went down south to help blacks register to vote.
the selma to montgomery march
A march that brought people from all over the nation. State troopers beat the marchers and two marchers did.
jim crow laws
Laws that ordered blacks to use seperate white facilities.
This peacemaker from India who inspired the philosophy of nonviolence that Dr. King and the movement adopted.
Ku Klux Klan
Formed by a group of confederate army veterans to use terrorism and violence to the region of white supremacy.
Formed to campaign racial injustice.
freedom summer 1964
Created in attempt to register as many African American voters in Mississippi. No one realized how violent the Mississippi whites would become.
More militain activists became increasingly frustrated by slow change and the polotics of more conservative leaders.
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Comittee
King's i have a dream speech
Remembered as a highlight of the movement. Spoke to a crowd of 250,000 people infront of the LIncoln Memorial in WDC on Aug 28, 1963.
1964 civil rights act
Outlawed segregation in public accomidations and thus validated the cause of the freedom writers and sitins. Assured the end of segregation bud didn't address the end of voting rights.
Converted to islam while in jail.
James Chaney/Andrew Goodman/Michael Schwerner
Three workers abducted and slain by Klansmen on June 21, 1964 in Philadelphia, mass.
Addie Mae Collins/Denise McNair/Cynthia Wesley/Carole Robertson
Each one of the four black girls murdered int he KKK bombing on September 15, 1963 at the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama.
A 14 year old boy from Chicago when he was shot int he head and dumped in the Tallahatchie River because he spoke to a white woman at a store in Mississippi.
Harvard Educated sociologist. One of the strongest critics of American racism. He helped establish the NAACP in 1909.