The destruction of a cell through the action of its own enzymes.
Having few or no blood vessels. Avascular necrosis = Death of bone tissue due to a lack of blood supply. Also called osteonecrosis, AVN can lead to tiny breaks in the bone and the bone's eventual collapse.
circumferential burns = where the burn encircles an entire body part. Circumferential burns to the chest can be critical due to loss of expansion and contraction during respiration.
The passing of bacteria, microorganisms, or other harmful substances indirectly from one patient to another through improper or unsterile equipment, procedures, or products
Acute peptic ulcer of the duodenum resulting as a complication from severe burns when reduced plasma volume leads to sloughing of the gastric mucosa.
Removal of a patient's dead, damaged, or infected tissue to improve the healing potential of the remaining healthy tissue.
some of the skin appendages = hairs, arrector pilli (smooth muscles that pull hairs straight), sebaceous glands (secrete sebum onto hair follicle to oil hair), sweat glands (can be sweat secreted with strong odour [apocrine] or with a faint odour [eccrine]) and nails (protection).
the shedding of the outer layers of the skin.
Slough or piece of dead tissue that is cast off from the surface of the skin, particularly after a burn injury, but also seen in gangrene, ulcer, fungal infections, necrotizing spider bite wounds, and exposure to cutaneous anthrax.
Surgical procedure used to treat full thickness (third-degree) circumferential burns.
Sx where the fascia is cut to relieve tension or pressure (and treat the resulting loss of circulation to an area of tissue or muscle). Fasciotomy is a limb-saving procedure when used to treat acute compartment syndrome.
an increase in the number of RBCs resulting from either a decrease in plasma volume or increased production of erythrocytes.
Use of water for pain-relief and treating illness.
A globular protein occurring widely in muscle tissue as an oxygen carrier. It supplies O2 to the muscle during strenuous exercise, when the muscle oxygen demands outpace the supply from the blood.
Emergent phase (of burn injury) begins at time of injury and ends with the restoration of capillary permeability (fluid resuscitation): 48-72 hrs after injury. Key point is to prevent hypovolemic shock and preserve vital organ function.
Method of determining the concentration of a substance in solution.