Ai GRE : Group 3 / 6

50 terms by zlone

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Group 3 / 6 of Princeton Review's Hit Parade: "a list of some of the vocabulary words that most frequently appear on the GRE"

abate

làm giảm bớt
to lessen in intensity or degree

accolade

an expression of praise

adulation

sự nịnh nọt, sự bợ đỡ
excessive praise; intense adoration

aesthetic

dealing with, appreciative of, or responsive to art or the beautiful

avarice

tính hám lợi, tính tham lam
greed, esp. for wealth

burgeon

đâm chồi
to grow rapidly or flourish

cacophony

tiếng lộn xộn chối tai
harsh, jarring, discordant sound; dissonance

canon

luật lệ, quy tắc
an established set of principles or code of laws, often religious in nature

castigation

sự khiển trách, sự trừng phạt
severe criticism or punishment

catalyst

chất xúc tác
a substance that accelerates the rate of a chemical reaction without itself changing

caustic

chua cay; châm chọc; ăn da
burning or stinging; causing corrosion

chary

thận trọng, cẩn thận, hà tiện (lời nói, lời khen...)
wary; cautious; sparing

cogent

vững chắc; có sức thuyết phục (lập luận...)
appealing forcibly to the mind or reason; convincing

complaisance

tính đễ dãi, hay chiều ý người khác; tính ân cần
the willingness to comply with the wishes of others

contrite

ăn năn, hối hận
remorseful; regretful; penitent; seeking forgiveness

dearth

sự đói kém; sự khan hiếm
famine; scarcity; shortage

demur

có ý kiến phản đối
to question or oppose

didactic

để dạy học
intended to teach or instruct

discretion

sự tự do làm theo ý mình; tuỳ ý, không điều kiện
sự thận trọng
cautious reserve in speech; ability to make responsible decisions

disinterested

vô tư, không vụ lợi
indifferent; free from self-interest

dogmatic

giáo điều; giáo lý;
an official system of principles or tenets concerning faith, morals, behavior;
stubbornly opinionated

ebullience

sự sôi nổi, sự bồng bột
the quality of lively or enthusiastic expression of thoughts or feelings : exuberance

elegy

a mournful poem, esp. one lamenting the dead

emollient

làm êm dịu, dễ chịu; làm mềm
soothing, esp. to the skin; smooth, soften

empirical

based on observation or experiment

enigmatic

bí ẩn, khó hiểu;
mysterious; obscure; difficult to understand

esoteric

bí truyền; bí mật;
intended for or understood by a small, specific group

exonerate

giải tội
to remove blame

fallacy

ảo tưởng; ý kiến sai lầm;
an invalid or incorrect notion; a mistaken belief

furtive

trộm, lén lút, ngấm ngầm
marked by stealth; covert; surreptitious

gregarious

thích đàm đúm, thích giao du
sociable; outgoing; enjoying the company of other people

harangue

kêu gọi, hô hào (trước đám đông)
to deliver a pompous speech or tirade

heretical

dị giáo
violating accepted dogma or convention

impecunious

túng thiếu
lacking funds; without money

incipient

chớm nở, mới bắt đầu, phôi thai
beginning to come into being or to become apparent

inert

không nhạy; chậm chạp
unmoving; lethargic; sluggish

innocuous

không độc, không có hại; vô thưởng, vô phạt
harmless; causing no damage

intransigent

không khoan nhượng (về chính trị)
refusing to compromise

inveigle

dụ dỗ
to obtain by deception or flattery

morose

buồn rầu, rầu rĩ, ủ ê
sad; sullen; melancholy

odious

ghê tởm
evoking intense aversion or dislike

opaque

mờ đục, không trong suốt, chắn sáng
impenetrable by light; not reflecting light

peruse

nghiên cứu; xem xét kỹ
to examine with great care

preen

rỉa (lông (chim)
to preen oneself: sang sửa, tô điểm, làm dáng (người)
to dress up; to primp; to groom oneself with elaborate care

prodigious

phi thường; to lớn
abundant in size, force, or extent; extraordinary

putrefy

thối rữa, đồi bại, sa đoạ
to rot; to decay and give off a foul odor

quaff

uống từng hơi dài; nốc cạn một hơi
to drink deeply

sanction

thừa nhận, đồng ý; cho quyền
authoritative permission or approval; a penalty intended to enforce compliance

urbane

lịch sự
sophisticated; refined; elegant

viscous

sền sệt, lầy nhầy, nhớt
thick; sticky

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