Conquered Parts of northwestern India and made Ganhara a province of the Achaemenid Empire
Alexander the Great
Invaded the Persian empire in 327 BC
founder of the Mauryan Empire
grandson of Chandragupta Maurya; completed conquests of Indian subcontinent; converted to Buddhism and sponsored spread of new religion throughout his empire
This sect believed that gods were figments of the imagination...
An Indian prince named Siddhartha Gautama, who renounced his wealth and social position. After becoming 'enlightened' (the meaning of Buddha) he enunciated the principles of Buddhism. (180)
indian religion that there is no violence and they protect all living things
Cyrus the Great
king of Persia and founder of the Persian empire (circa 600-529 BC)
came to throne in 521 B.C. He reorganized the government to make it work better. He divided the empire into 20 provinces. Each was ruled by an official with the title of satrap.
system of religion founded in Persia in the 6th century BC by Zoroaster
Persian prophet who founded Zoroastrianism (circa 628-551 BC)
son of Darius; became Persian king. He vowed revenge on the Athenians. He invaded Greece with 180,000 troops in 480 B.C.
Byzantine emperor in the 6th century A.D. who reconquered much of the territory previously ruler by Rome, initiated an ambitious building program , including Hagia Sofia, as well as a new legal code
revived the Byzantine Empire; "Bulgar Slayer"
the Arab prophet who founded Islam (570-632)
first caliph after death of muhammad
Journey Muhammad and his followers made, the journey that Muhammad, faced with the threat of murder, took from Mecca to Medina
the holiest city of Islam; Muhammad's birthplace
City in western Arabia to which the Prophet Muhammad and his followers emigrated in 622 to escape persecution in Mecca. (p. 231)
body of Islamic law that includes interpretation of the Quran and applies Islamic principles to everyday life
tax paid by Christians and Jews who lived in Muslim communities to allow them to continue to practice their own religion
A dynasty that ruled much of the Muslim Empire from 750 to about 1250.
(627- 649) He reconquerored the northern and western land that China had since the decline of the Han Dynasty. He started the achievements of the Tang Dynasty.
First Song dynasty emperor who reigned from 960-976 CE. He focused his rule on civil administration, industry, education, and the arts rather than on military affairs. Inaugurated bureaucracy of merit.
Moroccan Muslim scholar, the most widely traveled individual of his time. He wrote a detailed account of his visits to Islamic lands from China to Spain and the western Sudan. (p. 373)
Venetian merchant and traveler. His accounts of his travels to China offered Europeans a firsthand view of Asian lands and stimulated interest in Asian trade.
Prince Henry the Navigator
(1394-1460) Prince of Portugal who established an observatory and school of navigation at Sagres and directed voyages that spurred the growth of Portugal's colonial empire.
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)
Line of Demarcation
Imaginary north to south line running down the middle of the Atlantic and granted Spain the west of the line and Portugal the east
The italian sailor who corrected Columbus's mistake, acknowledging the coasts of america as a new world. America is named after him
Vasco de Balboa
Spanish explorer who became the first European to see the Pacific Ocean in 1510 while exploring Panama
Ponce De Leon
Explored Florida seeking gold (and maybe the Fountain of Youth)
Hernando de Soto
Spanish Conquistador; explored in 1540's from Florida west to the Mississippi with six hundred men in search of gold; discovered the Mississippi, a vital North American river.
Portuguese explorer who reached the Philippines and circumnavigated the world
The leader of a group of Spanish missionaries who founded a chain of twenty-one missions beginning in 1769 at San Diego and stretching north of the San Francisco Bay. These missions gathered nomadic Indians into missions and taught them the values of Christianity.
A governor appointed by the king of Spain to run the colonies in the New World.
spanish soldiers and explorers who led military expeditions in the Americas and captured land for Spain
Babylonian king who codified the laws of Sumer and Mesopotamia (died 1750 BC)