An Enlightenment thinker from UK. Believed people deserved natural rights of Life, liberty, and property. If a government doesn't give these rights, the people are able to leave the government Important because it gave ideas to many colonists when they were trying to break from UK.
Boston Tea Party
1773 patriots revolted by throwing tea into the harbor in response to a harsh tax on Dutch Tea. The tax was an attempt by the British to sell their tea to the colonists.
First continental Congress
held in Philadelphia in 1774. Every colony but Georgia met, and the idea of being an American was first created. Created a boycott on British goods across the colonies in an attempt to remove the intolerable acts.
Second Continental Congress
Philadelphia in 1775. Congress assumed responsibility for the war with Britain. The continental Army was set up and was led by George Washington.
Articles of Confederation
Drafted in 1777 by the Continental Congress. Design for the Gov't was a loosely constructed 13 states not a strong central Gov't. In this Gov't each state had one vote. No president. Congress had no power to tax. To amend articles you needed all 13 states to vote yes.
1787. A convention in the Pennsylvania State House where the Articles on Confederation were supposed to be revised. Instead they were thrown out and a new constitution was drafted
Led by Daniel Shays, 1787. He led 1000 farmers to seize the Springfield Armory and shut down the courts.
group of people who settle in a distant land but are still ruled by the government of their native land
global exchange of goods and ideas between the peoples of the western and eastern hemispheres
Roman general who became a model of civic virtue by leading his country to military victory and then refusing to become its dictator.
The dedication of citizens to the common welfare of their community or country, even at the cost of their individual interests.
the body of unwritten law developed in England from judicial decisions based on custom and earlier judicial decisions
A government in which there are limits on the powers of the person or group running the government.
(noun) Person chosen to act for or represent others. (verb) To entrust someone to represent your interests.
a system of social, economic, and political organization in which a politically weak king or queen shared power with the nobility
The people and institutions with authority to make and enforce the laws and manage disputes about the law.
document of 1215 granting certain civil rights & liberties to the nobility; King John was forced to sign it in 1215
purpose of government
To protect those natural rights that the individual cannot effectively protect in a state of nature.
A national government in which power is held by the people who elect representatives to manage the government for the sake of the common good.
A government in which citizens govern through elected leaders whom they delegate to serve their interests and the common good.
Why did the delegates decide that the national government ahould not be very strong?
Because they did not want a monarchy.
What was the problem with the "love of liberty"?
The states were getting too much liberty and the centural government had not power.
How were the Articles of Confederation influenced b the Iroquois League?
The 5 tribes joined together and make 1 central government.
Why did the delagates reject direct Democracy in favor of a Republic?
They didn't think that ordinary people were capable orrunning their own government?
What was Shay's rebellion?
When a bunch of farmers rebellion because they were left in debt and their arms were being taken away.
What were the consequences of Shay's rebellion?
I didn't get this one...can one of you guys answer it???
The Virginia Plan;
1. Legislature: Two houses (Bicameral) The House of Representatives was elected by the people; Senate elected by the State legislature.
Checks and Balences
A system where no one person of group would be likley to take over the whole government.
Limited the Government
A system that guarentees that the govenment does not hold all the power and only does the things the people allow it to do.
The manor in which the president carries out his duties has shaped our interperation of the constitution.