Marbury v Madison
established judicial review
John Peter Zenger
freedom of the press was established
Engel v Vitale
banned formal prayer in schools, goverment whould not make any religion the 'official' religion.
Lemon v Kurtzman
State and relgion may not be entangled. created the three part lemon test. laws must have a secular purpose
Stone v Graham
no 10 commandments in classroom
Schneck v United States
Speach can't harm people's lives clear and present danger rule. speech in time of war and in time of peace are different.
Texas v Johnson
flag burning is protected by the First Amendment
New York Times v United States
Supreme court case: Government attempted to censor information about the Vietnam War
Tinker v Des Moines
Students have the right to symbolic speech at school as long as it is not disruptive. black arm bands to protest vietnam war.
Heller v D.C.
self defence is protected under the second amentment.
Weeks v United States
set up the exclusionary rule, all evidence obtained ilegally ,ust be discarted and can't be used in court.
Mapp v Ohio
evidence was taken illegally, extended the exculsionry rule to all 50 states.
New Jersey v TLO
Supreme court case in which it was decided that a student may be searched if there is "reasonable ground" for doing so.
Vernonia v Acton
School drug tests were legal because it was for the safety of minors
Earls v Board of Education
Drug testing is okay if students wish to participate in extra caricular activities
Miranda v Arizona
Supreme Court held that criminal suspects must be informed of their right to consult with an attorney and of their right against self-incrimination prior to questioning by police.
Gideon v Wainwright
A person who cannot afford an attorney may have one appointed by the government
Furman v Georgia
The U. S. Supreme Court ruled that the death penalty, as administered, constituted cruel and unusual punishment in which case
Gregg v Georgia
dealth penalty in cases of murder is not protected by 8th amendment
Griswold v Connecticut
found a "right to privacy" in the Consitution that would ban any state law against selling contraceptives
Roe v Wade
'73 Supreme ct decision that stuck down 46 state laws restricting women's access to abortion (highlighted divisions within women's mvmt
Dred Scott v Sanford
The case that ruled that slaves were property and could not sue
Plessy v Ferguson
separate but equal
Brown v Board of Education
court found that segregation was a violation of the Equal Protection clause "separate but equal" has no place
Korematsu v United States
1944 Supreme Court case where the Supreme Court upheld the order providing for the relocation of Japanese Americans. It was not until 1988 that Congress formally apologized and agreed to pay 20,000 to each survivor
Nixon v United States
Nixon didn't want to give up tapes, claimed he had executie privilage. showed even the president wasn't above the law