Medical Terminology 2013 Chapter 1 part 3

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Prefixes

Words beginnings are called

Suffixes

Word endings are called

Root

The foundation of a word is known as the

combining vowel

A letter linking a suffix and a root, or linking two roots, in a term is the

combining form

The combination of a root and a combining vowel is known as the

cardi/o

The combination form for heart

aden/o

The combination form for gland

bi/o

The combination form for life

cerebr/o

The combination form for cerebrum, largest part of the brain

cephal/o

the combination form for head

arthr/o

The combination form for joint

carcin/o

The combination form for cancer, cancerous

cyst/o

The combination form for urinary bladder

cyt/o

the combination form for cell

derm/o

the combination form for skin

dermat/o

the combination form for skin

encephal/o

the combination form for brain

electr/o

the combination for electricity

-oma

The suffix meaning tumor, mass, swelling

-al

The suffix meaning pertaining to

-itis

the suffix meaning inflammation

-logy

The suffix meaning process of study

-scopy

The suffix meaning process of visual examination

-ic

the suffix meaning pertaining to

-gram

The suffix meaning record

-opsy

The suffix meaning process of viewing

Cerebral

Cerebr/al
Pertaining to the cerebrum or largest part of the brain

biopsy

bi/opsy
Process of viewing life
Removal of living tissue and viewing it under a microscope

adenitis

inflammation of a gland

cephalic

cephal/ic
pertaining to the head

carcinoma

carcin/oma
tumor that is cancerous

cystoscopy

cyst/o/scopy
process of visually examining the urinary bladder

electrocardiogram

electr/o/cardi/o/gram
record of the electricity in the heart

cardiology

cardi/o/logy
process of study of the heart

electroencephalogram

electr/o/encephal/o/gram
record of the electricity in the brain

arthroscopy

arthr/o/scopy
process of visual examination of a joint

cytology

cyt/o/logy

process of study of cells

erythr/o

red

enter/o

intestines (usually small intestine

gastr/o

stomach

gnos/o

knowledge

hemat/o

blood

cis/o

to cut

nephr/o

kidney

leuk/o

white

iatr/o

treatment, physician

hepat/o

liver

neur/o

nerve

gynec/o

women, female

carcinogenic

When Paul smoked cigarettes, he inhaled a _________ substance with each puff

leukocytosis

Sally's sore throat, fever and chills made her doctor order a white blood cell count. The results, indicating infection, showed a slight increase in normal cells a condition called

hepatoma (hepatocellular carcinoma

Mr. Smith's liver enlarged, giving him abdominal pain. His radiologic tests an biopsy revealed a malignant tumor or

arthralgia

Mr. Rose complained of a pain in her hip joints, knees and shoulders each morning. She was told that she had painful joints, or

endocrine

Dr. Black was trained to treat disorders of the pancreas, thyroid gland, adrenal glands and pituitary gland. Thus, he was an expert in the ------glands

cystitis

Walsh told her doctor she had pain when urinating. After tests, the doctor's diagnosis was inflammation of the urinary bladder or

hematoma

Elizabeth's overhead tennis shot hit David in the thigh, producing a large---------. His skin looked bruised and was tender

leukemia

Mr. Bell's white blood cell count is 10 times higher than normal. Examination of his blood shows cancerous white blood cells. His diagnosis is

iatrogenic

Mr. Kay was resuscitated (revived from potential or apparent death) in the emergency department after experiencing a heart attack. Unfortunately, he suffered a broken rib as a result of the physician's chest compressions. This is an example of a/an ------------- fracture

enteropathy

After coming back from a trip during which he had eaten unfamiliar foods, Mr. Cameron had a disease of his intestines called

leukocycte

White blood cell

gastritis

inflammation of the stomach

iatrogenic

pertaining to being produced by treatment

nephrology

study of kidneys

erythrocyte

red blood cell

hematoma

mass of blood

biopsy

process of viewing living tissue (using a microscope)

neuralgia

pain of nerves

ophthalmoscopy

process of visual examination of the eye

enteritis

inflammation of the small intestine

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