Chapter 16 Study Guide

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Warren G. Harding won the presidency by appealing to Americans' desire to

return to normal life after the war

Calvin Coolidge became president when

Warren G. Harding died in office

Attorney General Harry Daugherty resigned in disgrace after being investigated for taking bribes in exchange for allowing

someone to acquire a valuable German owned company seized during the war

Coolidge believed that government should

not interfere with business

Ford's system for making cars increased efficiency by

dividing the job into simple tasks

The purpose of Henry Ford's Sociological Department was to

set requirements workers had to meet

Commercial radio began its rise in November 1920, with the news that

Harding won the election

In the 1920s, young people began to look for careers as

managers in a corporate bureaucracy

Some members of congress tried to help farmers by proposing the McNary-Haugen Bill, which called for the government to

buy American crop surpluses and sell them abroad

Unions declined during the 1920s in part because many corporations instituted

welfare capitalism

The Ohio Gang was a group of

Harding's friends

In the Teapot Dome scandal, a government official recieved bribes for

allowing private interests to lease lands containing U.S. Navy oil reserves

Calvin Coolidge grew up

on a Vermont farm

An innovation instituted by International Harvester in 1926 was

an annual 2-week paid vacation

Henry Ford's business philosophy was to increase sales by

lowering the cost per car

The federal government began to support the airline industry after

entrepreneurs such as Glenn Curtis started building practical aircraft

An unintended affect of the Fordney-McCumber Act was

a reaction in foreign markets against American agricultural products

Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover believed that waste could be reduced and costs lowered if trade associations would

voluntarily share information with Bureau of Standards

After WWI, most Americans wanted to avoid future wars by

avoiding involvement in European affairs

The result of the Dawes Plan was

Europe's deeper descent into debt

welfare capitalism

profit sharing, medical care benefits, and pensions

cooperative individualism

from trade associations and share information with the federal government

Four-Power Treaty

recognized each country's island possessions in the Pacific

reparations

payments Germany was required to make as punishment for starting the war

Henry Ford's Model T car

Tin Lizzie

moratorium

pause in doing something, such as constructing new warships

Kellogg-Briand Pact

attempted to outlaw war

commuters

made possible by affordable cars

supply-side economics

growth through lower taxes

assembly line

enormously increased manufacturing efficiency

adoption of the assembly line at Ford

first

less time required to build cars

second

lower production costs

third

lower car prices for consumers

fourth

Henry Ford

installed the first moving assembly line in 1914

Albert B. Fall

first cabinet officer in history to go to prison

Robert La Follette

presidential nominee of the Progressive Party in 1924

Charles Lindbergh

made first solo transatlantic flight

Charles R. Forbes

sold medical supplies for veterans' hospitals

Calvin Coolidge

"Four fifths of all our troubles in this life would dissapear if we would only sit down and keep still."

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