Cosmetology State Board Examination

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State Board Examination in Missouri

What civilization was the first to infuse essential oils from the leaves, bark, and blossoms of plants for use as perfumes and for purification purposes?

Egyptians

The Ancient ______ were the first to cultivate beauty in an extravagant fashion.

Egyptians

To achieve a look of greater intelligence during the Renaissance, women:

shaved their eyebrows and hairline

During the Middle Ages, women wore colored makeup on their:

lips

In ancient Rome, haircolor was used by women to indicate:

class in society

Archaeologists believe that the practices of haircutting and hairstyling began sometime during the:

Ice Age

During the ______, women commonly used henna to add color to their lips and cheeks.

Egyptian Era

A _________ provides a connection between salons and their staff and the rest of the beauty industry by providing information about new products, new trends, and new techniques.

Distributor Sales Consultant

In order to get experience providing hairstyling services on film and TV sets, you should be prepared to _________ for a period of time.

Volunteer

To be a successful salon manager, you must have an aptitude for math and accounting and understand:

Marketing

The curling iron was invented by:

Marcel Grateau

The innovator who produced and sold makeup to movie stars that would not cake or crack under hot movie lights was:

Max Factor

In 2003, _______ introduced the first consumer-oriented DVD to the professional salon industry in order to speak directly to the consumer.

Sebastion International

The individual credited with coining the term "day spa" is:

Noel DeCaprio

The beauty icon who turned the hairstyling world on its ear with revolutionary geometric cuts was:

Vidal Sassoon

Short-term goals are those goals that can generally be completed within one ______ or less.

year

Which of these terms refers to the moral principles by which we live and work?

ethics

Effective communicators usually have _____ caring personalities.

warm

In order to be diplomatic, you should be assertive rather than:

aggressive

It is recommended that you study during blocks of time that would otherwise be wasted, such as while:

sitting in the doctors office

When we pay attention to our natural ______, we can learn how to manage our time efficiently.

rhythms

An unhealthy compulsion to do things perfectly is called:

perfectionism

The conscious act of planning your life instead of just letting things happen is described as having:

a game plan

The thing that propels you to do something is:

motivation

Putting off until tomorrow what you can do today is called:

procrastination

Self-_________ involves knowing what you want to achieve and keeping yourself on track so that you do eventually achieve your goal.

management

Your clothing should always be stylish and:

functional

An important aspect of professional image is:

physical presentation

The key to prevent repetitive motion injury is to be aware of:

body posture and movements

Behaving _______ includes having a genuine interest in your own day-to-day activities, as well as being concerned about and for others.

professionally

Your back and shoulders should be relaxed and ______ when you are providing client services.

level

Open-toed sandals are ______ footwear when working in a salon.

inappropriate

The science of how a workplace can best be designed for comfort, safety, efficiency, and productivity is:

ergonomics

The daily maintenance of cleanliness is:

personal hygiene

The impression you project through your outward appearance and conduct in the workplace is your:

professional image

Your posture and the way you walk and move are part of your:

physical presentation

People who create conflict wherever they go typically do so because they are feeling:

insecure

Step 6 of the 10-step consultation method is:

Determine the clients preferences

What is not a criteria to consider when suggesting hairstyle options for a client:

hair color

The ability to understand is ___ to the success of a cosmetologist.

key

To earn clients' _____ and loyalty, you should set aside a few minutes to take new clients on a quick tour of the salon, smile, and be yourself.

trust

If a client requests a specific cut or color that she has seen on a celebrity, you should __________ explain whether the look is right for the client.

diplomatically

If you have clients who are habitually _____, it is recommended that you ask them to arrive earlier than their actual appointment time.

late

When you meet an older client for the first time, it is recommended that you address her with an _______, such as "Mrs. Smith".

honorific

it is best to avoid using _____ terms when conversing with clients.

slang

As a cosmetologist, do not attempt to fulfill the role of _______, career guide, parental sounding board, and motivational coach for your clients.

counselor

If, during a discussion, a client is revealing increasingly personal details, it is recommended that you change the subject or ______ to help take her mind off of her troubles.

suggest a mini relaxation service

You should always be open and honest in all of your communications with coworkers, but you must also be ____ to circumstances in which being direct would be hurtful.

sensitive

When you need to speak with your manager about an issue or problem, it is recommended that you _____________ beforehand.

think of possible solutions

The act of successfully sharing information between two people so that the information is understood is called:

effective communication

The document also known as a client questionnaire or consultation card is the:

intake form

The verbal communication also known as the needs assessment is the:

client consultation

Instead of the term "client", patrons of day spas are commonly called:

guests

The term commonly used for patrons of medical spas is:

clients

Cocci are bacteria that are:

round shaped

Which type of bacteria can cause strep throat or blood poisoning?

streptococci

Bacteria that grow in pairs and can cause pneumonia are:

diplococci

Lyme disease and syphilis are caused by spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria called:

spirilla

In 2000, a bacteria called Mycobacterium fortuitum caused a client outbreak due to the failure of the practitioner to follow proper disinfection guidlines for:

whirlpool foot spas

Bacteria generally consist of an outer cell wall containing a liquid called:

protoplasm

The process whereby bacteria grow, reproduce, and divide into two new cells is:

binary fission

The presence of pus is a sign of:

bacterial infection

A _____ infection appears as a lesion containing pus and is confined to a particular part of the body.

local

Which of the following is a condition caused by an infestation of head lice?

pediculosis capitis

The ability of the body to destroy and resist infection is called:

immunity

Disinfectants used in salons must carry an:

Environmental Protection Agency

Which agency publishes the guidelines known as Universal Precautions?

OSHA

A salon implement that accidentally comes in contact with blood or body fluids must be thoroughly cleaned and:

completely immersed in an EPA-registered disinfectant

Disinfectants with a high pH that can cause skin irritation or burn the skin or eyes are:

phenolic disinfectants

When washing your hands, you apply soap, lather and scrub your hands and under the free edges of nails with a nail brush for at least:

one minute

Antiseptics are effective for:

killing germs on the hands

Universal Precautions require employees to assume that human blood and body fluids are infectious for:

bloodborne pathogens

When disinfecting a whirlpool foot spa after use by a client, you must circulate the disinfectant for _________ or for the time recommended by the manufacturer.

10 minutes

You should clean a whirlpool foot spa and leave disinfectant solution in it overnight:

at least once a week

After cleaning and disinfecting a pipe-less foot spa at the end of the day, how should you dry it?

with a clean paper towel

Which form of hepatitis is the most difficult to kill on a surface?

hepatitis B

It is important to wear _______ while disinfecting nonelectrical implements.

gloves

Licensing, enforcement, and your conduct when you are working in the salon are regulated by _____ agencies.

state

Some ______ disinfectants are harmful to salon tools and equipment.

tuberculocidal

As a cosmetologist, you are _____ to recommend treatments for diseases.

not allowed

Cosmetologists are not allowed to trim or cut living skin around:

any part of the nail

Fungal infections are much more common on the _____ than on the hands.

feet

A surface must be properly cleaned before it can be:

disinfected

Sterilization is the most reliable means of:

infection control

If the label on a disinfection product includes the word concentrate, it means that the product must be:

diluted before use

Quat solutions are ________ disinfectants when used properly in the salon.

very effective

Using _______ bleach can damage metal and plastic.

too much

Fumigants are ___________ in salons because they produce potentially harmful formaldehyde gas.

no longer used

never let disinfectants such as phenols and quats come in contact with your:

skin

Items that are _____ are also considered absorbent.

porous

Salons should keep a ________ that identifies each time a piece of equipment is used, cleaned, disinfected, tested, and maintained.

logbook

There is no additive, powder, or tablet that eliminates the need for you to ______ equipment such as whirlpool spas.

clean and disinfect

Not having ________ available poses a health risk to anyone exposed to hazardous materials and violates federal and state regulations.

MSDSs

Antimicrobial and antibacterial soaps are _______ regular soaps or detergents.

no more effective than

The _________ include hand washing, wearing gloves, and properly handling and disposing of items that may have been contaminated by blood or other body fluids.

Universal Precautions

After they have been properly cleaned and disinfected, implements should be stored in a _________ container.

clean, covered

When cleaning and disinfecting a _____, remove the impeller, footplate, and any other removable parts according to the manufacturer's instructions.

pipe-less foot spa

At the end of every day, you should properly clean the nonwhirlpool foot basin or tub and then add the appropriate amount of disinfectant and let it soak for:

10 minutes

Before beginning any service, you should wash your hands using pump soap, water, and a:

clean, disinfected nail brush

Something caused by or capable of being transmitted by infection is called:

infectious

The one-celled microorganisms having both plant and animal characterisitcs are called:

fungi

The transmission of blood or body fluids through touching, kissing, coughing, sneezing, or talking is known as _______ transmission.

direct

Transmission of blood or body fluids through contact with an ________, such as a razor or an environmental surface, is indirect transmission.

intermediate contaminated object

Various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms are called:

toxins

A disease that is spread by contact from one person to another person is a:

contagious disease

A disease caused by pathogenic microorganisms that enter the body, and which may or may not be spread from one person to another person is an:

infectious disease

The scientific name for plantar warts is:

HPV

Any organism of microscopic to submicroscopic size is an:

microorganism

The removal of potentially infectious materials on an item's surface and the removal of visible debris or residue is called:

decontamination

A _________ disease affects teh body as a whole, often due to under- or over-functioning of internal glands or organs.

systemic

The determination of the nature of a disease from its symptoms and/or tests is a:

diagnosis

An ______ is a condition in which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection.

inflammation

A parasitic disease is caused by:

parasites

A _____ is a submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in cells of biological organisms and is capable of replication only through taking over the host cell's reprodcutive function.

virus

The virus that causes AIDS is:

HIV

Contact with nonintact skin, blood, body fluid, or other potentially infectious materials that is the result of the performance of an employee's duties is an:

exposure incident

The scientific name for barber's itch is:

tinea barbae

Organisms that grow, feed, and find shelter on or in another organism, while contributing nothing to the survival of that organisms, are:

parasites

The presence, or the reasonably anticipated presence, of potentially infectious materials on an item's surface or visible debris or residues is called:

contamination

The term _________ descrives a ringworrm fungus of the foot.

tinea pedis

A reaction due to extreme sensitiviy to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances is an:

allergy

A _________ is produced by organisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites.

pathogenic disease

Illnesses resulting from conditions associated with employment are:

occupational diseases

A __________ is an abnormal condition of all or part of the body, or its systems or organs, that makes the body incapable of functioning normally.

disease

The basic unit of all living things is the:

cell

The dense active protoplasm found in the center of the cell is:

nucleus

Human cells reproduce by mitosis, dividing into two identical cells called:

daughter cells

The _____ is the protoplasm of a cell except for the protoplasm in the nucleus.

cytoplasm

The chemical process through which cells are nourished and carry out their activities is called:

metabolism

The constructive phase of metabolism is called:

anabolism

Which type of tissue contracts and moves various parts of the body?

muscle tissue

Which type of tissue lines the heart and the digestive and respiratory organs?

epithelial tissue

The connection between two or more bones is called a:

joint

The ________ is the larger of the two bones that form the leg below the knee.

tibia

The oval, bony case that protects the brain is the:

cranium

The maxillae bone form the:

upper jaw

The two bones that form the sides and crown of the cranium are the:

parietal bones

The inner and larger bone in the forearm, attached to the wrist and located on the side of the little finger is the:

ulna

The foot is made up of ___ bones

26

Which muscles are also known as the smooth muscles?

nonstriated muscles

The part of the muscle that does not move is the:

origin

The broad muscle that covers the top of the head is the:

epicranius

The ______ are the muscles that straighten the wrist, hand, and fingers to form a straight line.

extensors

The muscles at the base of the fingers that draw the fingers together are the:

adductors

The system of nerves that carries impulses or messages to and from the central nervous system is called the:

peripheral nervous system

Sensory nerve endings called _______ are located close to the surface of the skin.

receptors

The largest artery in the human body is the:

aorta

The main blood supply of the arms and hands are the:

ulnar and radial arteries

The popliteal artery supplies blood to the foot and divides into two separate arteries known as the:

anterior tibial and posterior tibial arteries

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