World War 2 Test Study Guide

90 terms by Salsa77

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TEST IN TWO WEEKS!!!! STUDY NOW LOTS TO MEMORIZE

Dictator

a ruler who has absolute power

Blitzkrieg

"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland in 1939

Totalitarian State

country where a single party controls the government and every aspect of the lives of the people

Fascism

a political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition

Appeasement

practice of giving in to aggression in order to avoid war

Axis Powers

Germany, Italy, Japan

Allied Powers

Great Britain, France, Russia, later US

Operation Overlord

The Allied invasion of Normandy in June of 1944.

D-Day

Planned June 5th June 6 1944 Germans occupied Normandy France Germans though it would occur at Calais and goal was to liberate Paris

V-E Day

May 8, 1945; The name of the day which ended World War II

Rationing

a limited portion or allowance of food or goods; limitation of use

Victory Garden

a home vegetable garden created to boost food production during WWII

Holocaust

the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler

Concentration Camp

a penal camp where political prisoners or prisoners of war are confined (usually under harsh conditions)

Internment Camp

relocation camps for Japanese-Americans during WWII

Island Hopping

the American navy attacked islands held by the Japanese in the Pacific Ocean. The capture of each successive island from the Japanese brought the American navy closer to an invasion of Japan.

Kamikaze

Japanese suicide pilots who loaded their planes with explosives and crashed them into American ships.

V-J Day

"Victory over Japan day" is the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945

Manhattan Project

code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II

Adolf Hitler

German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945)

Benito Mussolini

Fascist dictator of Italy (1922-1943). He led Italy to conquer Ethiopia (1935), joined Germany in the Axis pact (1936), and allied Italy with Germany in World War II. He was overthrown in 1943 when the Allies invaded Italy. (p. 786)

Joseph Stalin

Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)

Winston Churchill

Prime Minister of Great Britain during WWII

Erwin Rommel

"Desert Fox"-May 1942; German and Italian armies were led by him and attacked British occupied Egypt and the Suez Canal for the second time; were defeated at the Battle of El Alamein; was moved to France to oversee the defenses before D-Day; tried to assassinate Hitler.

Bernard Montgomery

British General who cut off Rommel from advancing into Africa

Dwight D. Eisenhower

leader of the Allied forces in Europe then was elected to be Pres. of the USA

Franklin D. Roosevelt

President of the US during Great Depression and World War II

Harry S. Truman

Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb

Chester Nimitz

United States admiral of the Pacific fleet during World War II who used aircraft carriers to destroy the Japanese navy (1885-1966)

Robert Oppenheimer

United States physicist who directed the project at Los Alamos that developed the first atomic bomb (1904-1967)

Manchuria

Province in northeast China invaded by Japan in September 1931

Ethiopia

African nation invaded by fascist Italy in 1935

Dunkirk

a city in northern France on the North Sea where in World War II (1940) 330,000 Allied troops had to be evacuated from the beaches at Dunkirk in a desperate retreat under enemy fire

Pearl Harbor

US Naval base attacked by the Japanese on December 7, 1941

Stalingrad

Battle in which the Nazi advance east through Russia was halted.

El Alamein

Town in Egypt, site of the victory by Britain's Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery over German forces led by General Erwin Rommel (the 'Desert Fox') in 1942-1943. (p. 793)

Midway Island

An American military base that was fought over with the Japanese.

Guadalcanal

one of the Solomon Islands in southwest Pacific, Japanese building airstrip, August 1942 battle, Allies won

Iwo Jima

One of the Bloodiest battles in the war, a fight to the death for Japanese soldiers, as the Americans were coming closer to Japan

Nagasaki

site of 2nd Atomic Bomb, killing 40,000+ Japanease citizens

Hiroshima

site of 1st Atomic Bomb, killing 70,000+ Japanease citizens

Sicily

An important invasion that lead to the removal of Mussolini from government, only to have him put back later

Rome

Capital of Italy

Normandy

Where Operation Overlord took place

December 7 1941

What day was Pearl Harbor attacked?

September 1 1939

What day was Poland attacked?

June 6 1944

What day were the beaches of Normandy bombed

Neville Chamberlain

Who was the British Prime Minister before Churchill who said that talking it out will avoid war

Lend Lease

FDR wanted to help somehow before US were involved in war. So he lent bombs and artillery to Britain

US stopped trading with Japan

What were the causes of Japan bombing Pearl Harbor?

Sudetenland

Area in Czechoslovakia that was German speaking, became part of Germany in 1938

Built up arms

How did Hitler violate the Versailles Treaty?

Rhineland

What part of France did Germany take over in 1936?

Part of Russia and Yugoslavia

What did Hitler take over in 1941?

Poland and Czechoslovakia

What did Hitler take over in 1939?

Austria

What country did Hitler take over in 1938?

Denmark, Norway, Holland, France, and Belgium

What countries did Hitler take over in 1940

Austria

Country where Hitler is originally from

Nazi

German political party popularized by Hitler and assumed power in Germany in 1933

Munich Conference

Meeting in Germany to decide the fate of Czechoslovakia, praised by Chamberlain

Happy

When American troops came into Sicily from Africa, where the Italians happy or sad?

Czechoslovakia and Austria

Two countries that were happy to be taken over by Hitler

World Fair

What was going on in New York while Hitler was invading Poland

U-Boat

German Submarine

Enigma code first broken, Britain would not give up

How was the Battle of Britain significant?

Battle of Britain

an aerial battle fought in World War II in 1940 between the German Luftwaffe (air force), which carried out extensive bombing in Britain, and the British Royal Air Force, which offered successful resistance.

March 1941

Year and month FDR started to "lend" artillery to Britain

Hirohito

Japanese Emperor with a hunger for power.

Jews caused German loss of WW1

What did Hitler say to make Germany hate Jews?

lightning war

What does blitzkrieg mean?

Internment Camps

Because of American paranoia of Japanese citizens, where did they decide to put American born people with Japanese roots to?

August 15, 1945

What day did Japan surrender?

Okinawa

Wasnt as savage as Iwo Jima, however many Japanese met their death jumping of a cliff from hearing of American troops arriving

April 30, 1945

What day did Hitler commit suicide

May 5, 1945

What day did Germany surrendur

USA wanted to trade with China

Why did USA not want Japan to take over the Pacific

Frank Sinatra

The man back home not sent to the army who became a favorite for teenage girls

George Patton

Who was the General that saved the day in the Battle of the Bulge

Midway Island

Which battle in the Pacific was a turning point for America

MAGIC

What was Japans secret code

Saipan

Japanese place where soldiers convinced civilians to kill themselves

Kamikaze

Japanese fighter pilots that killed themselves crashing into boats and planes

Stalingrad

What battle was a turning point for Russia

Scrap metal, food, work

What did kids ration, help, or donate to help the soldiers at war

US Yorktown

Boat that lasted Pearl Harbor and three other battles

El Alamein

Where the British pushed Germany west to stay away from the Suez Canal

Kasserine Pass

first encounter; inexperienced US troops suffer humiliating defeat against Rommel

To get to Russia and prevent Germany from blocking Suez Canal

Why did United States go through North Africa

Suez Canal

A ship canal where many boats go through.

Gold, Omaha, Utah, Sword, Juno

What are the five beaches of Normandy

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