the comparison of two pairs which have the same relationship
a form of extended metaphor, in which objects, persons, and actions in a narrative, are equated with the meanings that lie outside the narrative itself. The underlying meaning has moral, social, religious, or political significance, and characters are often personifications of abstract ideas as charity, greed, or envy.
a brief reference to a person, event, or place, real or ficticious, or to a work of art. Casual reference to a famous historical or literary figure or event.
a grammar construction in which a noun (or noun phrase) is placed with another as an explanation
something located at a time when it could not have existed or occurred
use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse
appealing to one's prejudices, emotions, or special interests rather than to one's intellect or reason. Attacking an opponent's character rather than answering his argument.
A brief, cleverly worded statement that makes a wise observation about life.
repetition of a word, phrase, or clause at the beginning of two or more sentences in a row. This is a deliberate form of repetition and helps make the writer's point more coherent.
pompous or pretentious talk or writing
the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words
the opposition or contrast of ideas
a technique by which a writer addresses an inanimate object, an idea, or a person who is either dead or absent.
a statement consisting of two parallel parts in which the second part is structurally reversed ("Susan walked in, and out rushed Mary.")
The emotional and psychological associations that you make with certain words or ideas.
suggests that an idea, course of action, a topic is good because many others have done it /doing it
The dictionary definition of a word
A writer's or speaker's choice of words
inferring general principles from specific examples
reasoning in which a conclusion is reached by stating a general principle and then applying that principle to a specific case (The sun rises every morning; therefore, the sun will rise on Tuesday morning.)
Appeal to ignorance
using an opponent's inability to disprove a conclusion as proof of the conclusion's correctness or incorrectness
an inoffensive expression that is substituted for one that is considered offensive
the character or emotions of a speaker or writer that are expressed in the attempt to persuade an audience
any word or phrase applied to a person or thing to describe an actual or attributed quality
a sudden understanding of the meaning, essence, or reality of something, Any appearance or bodily manifestation of a deity.
claims that things that resemble one another in certain repects resemble one another in further respects
describing flowery or elaborate speech, excessively decorated or embellished
describes a type of intelligence used to cope with novel situations and problems, changing, unstable
a false notion or belief; an error in thinking
consisting of elements that are not of the same kind or nature
all of the same or similar kind or nature
deviating from the common rule; abnormal; atypical
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
used so often as to lack freshness or originality, overused, cliche
type or category of literary work (e.g., poetry, essay, short story, novel, drama)
the unintentional misuse of a word by confusion with one that sounds similar
a wise saying, aphorism, proverb
the admissible arrangement of sounds in words
the divine word of God; , word, study; , The appeal of a text based on the logical structure of its argument or central ideas
A figure of speech in which something is referred to by using the name of something that is associated with it
description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)
a statement that does not follow logically from evidence
a dictionary; a specialized vocabulary used in a particular field or place
for of understatement in which the negative of the contrary is used to achieve emphasis and intensity. for example, "She is not a bad cook."
formal or elaborate praise; a tribute
Sentence that places the main idea or central complete thought at the end of the sentence, after all introductory elements.
a composition that imitates somebody's style in a humorous way
falsification by means of vague or ambiguous language, a statement that is not literally false but that cleverly avoids an unpleasant truth
quality in drama, speech, literature, music, or events that arouses a feeling of pity or sadness
a "play on words" based on the multiple meanings of a single word or on words that sound alike but mean different things
A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase.
phrases or sentences of a similar construction/meaning placed side by side, balancing each other
something that appears false or contradictory but its actually correct
an aggressive attack on or refutation of a specific opinion or doctrine
characterized by an excessive display of learning or scholarship, overly concerned with minute details
a figure of speech that utilizes a part as representative of the whole. "All hands on deck" is an example.
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')
Grimly or scornfully mocking, bitterly sarcastic
Determining whether a conclusion follows from two statements that are assumed to be true.
the art or study of effective use of language for communication and persuasion
the grammatical arrangement of words in sentences
One of the forms of writing and debate in scholastic philosophy. A thesis is proposed, then arguments for and against, then the question is resolved and the arguments against the thesis answered.
an attack on an opposing view in order to weaken it, invalidate it, or make it less credible
very idealistic; impractical; caught up in romantic notions
the act of attributing human characteristics to abstract ideas etc.
Begins with a relative pronoun (who, whom, whose, that, or which) or a relative adverb (when, where, or why). It will function as an adjective.
using words that imitate the sound they denote
A figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant
when a reader is aware of something that a character isn't
An outcome that turns out to be very different from what was expected, the difference between what is expected to happen and what actually does
a contrast between expectation and reality
characteristic of an ideal society