Spanish 3 Chapter 1 Culture

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Provinces of Spain

Guadalajara
Toledo
Cuenca
Ciudad Real
Albacete

Language

Castillian

Important industries

Tourism, agriculture, livestock

Did you know Toledo

Capital of Castilla-La Mancha was also the capital of Spain in 1561

The Vast Plains of Castilla- La Mancha

Are the perfect setting for the windmills in use since the 16th century in the times of Miguel de Cervantes. In his book the Ingenious Hidalgo Don Quixote, the hero Don Quixote attacks the wind mills mistaking them for giants.

The City Of Toledo

Is located on a cliff on the banks of the river Tajo. The city is a witness of the rich history of a region in which Christians, Muslims and Jews have intermingled.

The Saffron

Is one of the most important agricultural products of Castilla-La Mancha and it comes from a small purple flower. Is worth it's weight in gold. It is still the most expensive spice in the world. To obtain 1 kilo of saffron you have to hand pick the stigmas of nearly 85,000 flowers.

The National park of Daimel's Tables

In the province of Ciudad Real it has an enormous amount of water birds.

Las Casa Colgadas

Is in the city of Cuenca and was built on the edge of cliffs. During the 14th century it served as a summer retreat for the royal family.

The Astronomy Center of Yebes

is in the province of Guadalajara and is one of the 10 largest institutions of scientific research in Spain

The Roman city of Segóbriga

Serves as a witness of the Roman occupation in Spain. The ruins of an amphitheater and public baths attract a number of tourists to this small town every year.

Visigoths (5th-8th century)

Invaded the peninsula and named Toledo their capital. Recesvinto Crown is one of the treasures that remains of the occupation times Visigothic Spain.

Muslims

Expelled the Visigoths and occupied the land of Castilla-La Mancha for four centuries. Developed and built mosques and founded college mathematics and languages​​. Today we use the Arabic number system.

Alfonso VI "the Brave" (before 1040-1109)

Led the Christian reconquest of Spain from the Muslims, capturing Toledo in 1085. His vassal Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar, "El Cid", captured Valencia in 1094.

Philip II (1527-1598)

Moved the capital of Spain from Toledo to Madrid in 1561. Because of this and the inflation caused by the abundance of gold brought from the Americas, Toledo was longer an intellectual and artistic center and became an agricultural province.

The Revolutionary War

Napoleon controlled most of Europe, including Spain, Italy, Germany and Austria, between 1804 and 1814. The Battle of Talavera, in La Mancha, was one of the first victories of the Spanish forces allied with Britain against Napoleon.

The Alcázar of Toledo

The site of a key battle of the Civil War in Spain in 1936. The General Francisco Franco went to Madrid after the victory of nationalist troops in Toledo.

Castilla-La Mancha

Became autonomous in 1982. The courts of Castile-La Mancha, based in this monastery, have legislative function. Courts, the Chairman of the Board and the Governing Council are the three branches of government administrative Castilla-La Mancha.

Romans

Recognized the high quality of the production of steel in Toledo and took it's fame to Rome. The beauty and quality of the swords and daggers of Toledo are world renowned.

The Cathedral of Toledo

The construction of the Cathedral was from 1226-1493. This monument reflects various styles of architecture. The exterior is an example of French Gothic architecture, while Arabic and Baroque style the majority of the interior.

La Sinagoga del Transito

The arches and geometric designs are typical of Arabic art. Mudejar refers to the Arabic people who remained in Spain after the reconquista and their art is found on many buildings in Castilla-La Mancha

El arte del Damasquinado

It's the art of Arabic orgin and involves engraving threads of gold, silver, copper. and other metals. The plates, necklaces, bracelets, and rings are famous throughout the world.

The Belmonte Castle

Built in the 15th century. It's one of the best preserved Castles in the region. It's mostly gothic in style with Arabic and Baroque Renaissance art.

Pottery and Talavera tiles

Have decorated illustrious houses of the region.

El Greco (the Greek)

He arrived in Toledo in 1577. He fell in love with the city and remained there until his death in 1614. He is considered the 1st genius of the Spanish School of Painting. His Vista de Toledo shows intense colors and dramatic contrasts of dark and light.

Luis Tristan

1586-1624. A Disciple of El Greco. He followed the traditions of the school of art in Toledo. In Adoración de Los Reyes Magos (1620), his use of dark and light reflect the influence of his teacher.

The altar of the Toledo Cathedral

Was painted from 1721-1732. It's a good example of the Baroque syle of the 18th century and is characterized by wavy lines and the contrast between light and dark.

The region of Castilla-La Mancha

Is dominated by an extensive plain, but it also has mountains and the Cordillera Central to the north, northeast Iberian System, La Sierra Morena and Montes de Toledo to the south. There are many gaps, including gaps Ruidera and Cañada del Hoy, and two great rivers, the Tajo and Guadiana.

Castilla-La Mancha Community

Rich in culture and folklore. The region has many folk traditions: Parties, gatherings, dances and races to celebrate the agricultural cycle, historical moments, miracles or religious events. In the baile de la Soldadesca in Toledo, people dress in traditional clothing and dance folk dances in the square.

Cuenca

A small town in Castilla-La Mancha, built on the cliffs (cliffs) of a mountain. It is famous for its "hanging houses" that were built into the cliffs and located so that they seem to be hanging. This ancient town, set during the Roman Empire, is so well preserved that Cuenca has been named s World Heritage (World Heritage Site).

Typical food in Castilla- La Mancha

One of the typical foods of Castilla-La Mancha is marzipan, a sweet almond. According to a legend of Toledo, marzipan was made ​​in the convent of San Clemente when the city was besieged (Under Siege) by the Arabs in the thirteenth century. Made with almond paste and sugar, the only food they had, they baked and called it "bread mace". Another famous food of the region is the manchego cheese, made with sheep milk.

Castilla- La Mancha Etymology

The first part of Castilla-La Mancha name comes from the word "castle". Experts believe that the word "Mancha" comes from the Arabic word "Mantxa" (dry land), although some say it is a contraction of the phrase "wider" (the widest). The two interpretations are apt to describe this broad region, dry and full of castles.

El Paso, Texas

In this city, the Golden Age Festival celebrates linguistic and literary ties that still share Spain, Mexico and the United States. In this festival, are classics of the great Spanish writers in English and Spanish. Some actors come from Spain to participate in the productions.

Official Language of Spain

Gallego is spoken in Galicia, a language similar to Portuguese, Catalan is spoken in Catalonia, and in the Basque Country, Basque is spoken, a language that has nothing to do with any European language. The modern Spanish, the official language of Spain is known as Castillian.

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