Ch. 1 - Medical Terminology 1313

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Chapter 1 - Introduction to Medical Language Book: Exploring Medical Language 8th Edition (ISBN: 9780323073080)

What are the 4 origins of medical language?

1. Greek and Latin word parts
2. Eponyms
3. Acronyms
4. Modern language

What are "Greek and Latin word parts"?

Terms built from Greek and Latin word parts such as 'arthritis.'

What are "Eponyms"?

Terms derived from the name of a person, often a physician or scientist who was the first to identify a condition or technique such as Alzheimer disease.

What are "Acronyms"?

Terms formed from the first letters of the words in a phrase that can be spoken as a whole word and usually contain a vowel, such as "laser" (light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation).

What is "Modern language"?

Terms derived from the English language such as 'nuclear medicine scanner'.

Identify the origin of this term: Parkinson disease

Eponym

Identify the origin of this term: hepatitis

Components of Greek and Latin word parts

Identify the origin of this term: MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus- aureus)

Acronym

Identify the origin of this term: post-traumatic stress disorder

Modern language

What are the two categories of medical terms?

1. Terms built from word parts
2. Terms NOT built from word parts

Which category of medical terms uses only the origin "Greek and Latin word parts"?

Terms built from word parts

Terms built from word parts can be translated literally to find their meaning. True or false?

True

Medical terms _______ ________ ________ ________ can be translated literally to find their meaning, whereas medical terms _______ ________ _________ ________ _________ cannot be easily translated literally to find their meaning.

1. built from word parts
2. NOT built from word parts

Most medical terms built from word parts consist of some or all of the following components:

1. Word root
2. Prefix
3. Suffix
4. Combining form

What is the "word root"?

The word root is the word part that is the core of the world.

What is the "suffix"?

The suffix is a word part attached to the end of the word root to modify its meaning. (Most medical terms have a suffix.)

What is the "prefix"?

The prefix is a word part attached to the beginning of a word root to modify its meaning. (Many medical terms do not have a prefix.)

What is the "combining vowel"?

The combining vowel is a word part, usually an "o", used to ease pronunciation.
The combining vowel is:
- Placed to connect two word roots
- Placed to connect a word root and a suffix
- NOT placed to connect a prefix and a word root

What is guideline one for using combining vowels?

When connecting a word root and a suffix, a combining vowel is used if the suffix does not begin with a vowel.
Example: arthr/o/pathy

What is guideline two for using combining vowels?

When connecting a word root and a suffix, a combining vowel is usually not used if the suffix begins with a vowel.
Example: hepat/ic

What is guideline three for using combining vowels?

When connecting two word roots, a combining vowel is usually used even if vowels are present at the junction.
Example: oste/o/arthr/itis

What is guideline four for using combining vowels?

When combining a prefix and a word root, a combining vowel is NOT used.
Example: sub/hepat/ic

A combining vowel is _____________________________.

a word part used to make pronunciation easier.

When connecting two ________ ________, a combining vowel is usually used, even if vowels are present at the junction.

words roots

When connecting a prefix and a word root, a combining vowel is ________ used.

not

What is a combining form?

A combining form is a word root with the combining vowel attached, separated by a vertical slash.
Example: oste/o

What are the 3 steps to analyze medical terms?

1. Divide the term into word parts with vertical slashes.
Example: oste/o/arthr/o/pathy
2. Label each word part by using the following abbreviations. (WR=Word Root, P=Prefix, S=Suffix, CV=Combining Form)
Example: WR CV WR CV S
oste / o / arthr / o / pathy
3. Label each combining form.
Example: WR CV WR CV S
oste / o / arthr / o / pathy
CF CF

Most medical terms built from word parts can be defined by beginning with the meaning of the _________; however, this does not always apply.

suffix

To define medical terms built from word parts, _______________________________.

apply the meaning of each word part contained in the term.

To build medical terms, _______________________________.

place word parts together to form words.

The 3 techniques to learn medical terms built from word parts are:

1. Analyzing
2. Defining
3. Building

Name the origin of Heimlich maneuver

Eponym

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