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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. CONTINENTALS
  2. MERCENARIES
  3. BATTLE of SARATOGA
  4. BATTLE of TRENTON
  5. American Enlistment Issue
  1. a SOLDIERS who FIGHT for MONEY & NOT OUT of loyalty to any country.
  2. b British GENERAL BURGOYNE'S forces DEFEATED at SARATOGA & he surrendered his whole army. Boosted U.S. spirits & U.S. VICTORY CONVINCED FRENCH TO SUPPORT U.S. French signed treaty with us & agreed to provide military aid- SPAIN & NETHERLANDS DID ALSO.
  3. c U.S. SURPRISE ATTACK on TRENTON- started with a Christmas night crossing of the DELAWARE RIVER (famous painting of this) surprised Hessians guarding Trenton & took most prisoner. WASHINGTON fooled Brits by fake campfires while U.S. troops snuck out to attack Princeton. VICTORY gave U.S. hope.
  4. d name for colonial soldiers in NEW CONTINENTAL ARMY
  5. e most American soldiers enlisted for only one year. They would leave when they weren't paid or when they had to plant crops or harvest crops at home.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. FIRST AGREEMENT TO CREATE A NATIONAL GOVERNMENT FOR THE U.S.- gave authority to CONTINENTAL CONGRESS for what it was doing- inadequate agreement because it lacked authority to impose taxes & enforcement powers.
  2. U.S. officer caught by British spying- CONDEMNED to DEATH- he said, " I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country."
  3. 1) British soldiers experienced, professional soldiers 2) best trained, most experienced officers & newest weapons. 3)British hired MERCENARIES from other countries. 4) HESSIANS=mercenaries from the Hesse region of Germany. 5) Resupply issue 3,000 miles from Britain, supplies & communication took months 6)Advantage in numbers= 50,000 Brits to 10,000 colonists
  4. Sent to King George lll to ask for peace & REPEL of INTOLERABLE ACTS- BRITISH REJECTED IT.
  5. PRUSSIAN SOLDIER who came to U.S. & trained troops

5 True/False Questions

  1. BATTLE of LONG ISLANDBritish General HOWE led 34,000 troops & 10,000 sailors VS. WASHINGTON'S 20,000 poorly trained troops & no navy. Colonists lost & retreated to Manhattan.

          

  2. TREATY of PARISSOLDIERS who FIGHT for MONEY & NOT OUT of loyalty to any country.

          

  3. John Hancock (1737-1793)1737-1793. Patriot leader along with Samuel Adams of the SONS of LIBERTY. President of the second Continental Congress; first person to sign the Declaration of Independence.

          

  4. LOYALISTS/ TORIES20% of colonials who remained loyal to Britain.

          

  5. DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCEThomas Jefferson (at 33 years old) primary writer. He wrote every evening for 17 days. Introduction states why the Declaration was needed. Main ideas about government= We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.

          

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