The process that breaks down food into small molecules that can be absorbed by blood is called __________.
An __________ is a type of protein that speeds up the rate of chemical reaction in your body.
Many __________ are involved in the chemical digestion of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.
The __________ is a muscular tube that moves food to the stomach using peristalsis, or waves of muscle contractions.
Food moves through your digestive system by waves of muscle contractions called __________.
In the __________, food is mechanically digested by peristalsis and chemically digested by enzymes and hydrochloric acid.
In the stomach, food is __________ digested by peristalsis and chemically digested by enzymes and hydrochloric acid.
In the stomach, food is mechanically digested by peristalsis and __________ digested by enzymes and hydrochloric acid.
The __________ __________ is lined with villi which increase surface area to help with the absorption of nutrients.
The small intestine is lined with __________ which increase surface area to help with the absorption of nutrients.
Once nutrients are absorbed by the villi they are then transported to all body cells by the __________.
The small intestine contains villi which increase __________ __________ to help with the absorption of nutrients.
The main function of the large intestine is to re-absorb excess __________ before eliminating solid waste.
performs absorption through lining and chemical digestion. 6 meters in length contains the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum.
A green fluid made from cholesterol and secreted by the liver. It is stored and concentrated in the gallbladder. Bile is an amphipathic molecule that is secreted into the small intestine when fats are present, and serves to emulsify the fats for better digestion by lipases. released into the duodenum.
trypsin- digests proteins
amylase - digests starch
Buffers- neutralizes acid from stomach