EWH Unit 20

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absolutism

complete power in the hands of the monarch who could do whatever he wished

Puritans

wanted to purify the Anglican church of its abuses and Catholic tendencies and lessen the powers of the King and church hierarchy

malfeasance

misconduct or wrongdoing, especially by a public official

King Cavaliers

mounted troops supported by nobles and the rural population

Parliamentary Forces

also called "roundheads" for their simple haircuts that made a statement against the long hair of the royalty; were backed by the Middle Class, townspeople, and the Puritans

abdicate

give up, such as power, as of monarchs and emperors, or duties and obligations

Glorious or Bloodless Revolution

followed the English civil war and made the clear statement that Parliament no longer sat by the approval of the king, but the king sat with approval of the Parliament; the king of England had limited power.

conjuring

to call forth

tenure

holding of an office; time during which such an office is held

Huguenots

French Protestants. The Edict of Nantes (1598) freed them from persecution in France, but when that was revoked in the late 1700s, hundreds of thousands of Huguenots fled to other countries, including America.

Bourgeoisie

educated, middle class of France; provided force behind the Revolution

augmented

added to or made greater in amount or number or strength

empiricism

(philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge derives from experience

rationalism

belief in reason and logic as the primary source of knowledge

triclinium

dining couch

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