Health IT Terminology

86 terms by Otworth 

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etiology

the study of the causes of diseases

proximal

closer to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk

thoracic

of or relating to the chest or thorax

corono

crown (coronary, corona, coronal)

posterior

situated behind or at the back

homeostasis

the ability of a living thing to keep conditions inside its body constant

peritonitis

inflammation of the peritoneum

laparo

abdomen, abdominal wall

anomaly

deviation from the normal or common order or form or rule

adipo

fat (combining form)

inguinal

Area where thigh meets body trunk; groin

iatrogenic

produced by a physician (the unexpected results from a treatment prescribed by a physician)

endemic

of or relating to a disease (or anything resembling a disease) constantly present to greater or lesser extent in a particular locality

cytology

the branch of biology that studies the structure and function of cells

endocrine

ductless gland that produces an internal secretion

cephalo

head (cephalic, encephalitis)

congenital

present at birth but not necessarily hereditary

anaplasia

a change in the structure of cells and in their orientation to each other

cronitis

inflammation of a gland

mesentary

Membrane that helps support the intestine in the abdominal cavity

hereditary

passing, or capable of passing, naturally from parent to offspring through the genes

aplasia

the defective development of an organ or tissue

hyperplasia

the enlargement of an organ or tissue because of an abnormal increase in the number of cells in the tissues

congenital

present at birth but not necessarily hereditary

histology

the study of the structure, composition, and function of tissues

idiopathy

any disease arising from internal dysfunctions of unknown cause

ascites

abnormal collection of fluid in the peritoneal cavity

endemic

a disease that is constantly present to a greater or lesser degree in people of a certain class or in people living in a particular location

epidemic

Affecting many persons at the same time, and spreading from person to person in a locality where the disease is not permanently prevalent.

diagnosis

the recognition of a disease or injury by symptoms; a critical analysis of the nature of something

differential diagnosis

known as rule out (R/O) - attempt to determine which one of several diseases can be producing the signs and symptoms that are present

prognosis

(n) a forecast of the probable course and outcome of a disease or situation

remission

a period in which symptoms and signs stop or abate

acute

having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course

chronic

being long-lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering

pandemic

epidemic over a wide geographical area

s.o.a.p

subjective, objective, assesment, plan

anatomy

the study of the structure of the body

physiology

science dealing with the functions of living things or their organs

pathology

any deviation from a healthy or normal condition

etiology

the study of the cause of a disease

how does histology differ from pathologist

histology study cells, pathologist study diseased tissue

epidemiologist

a specialist in the study of outbreaks of disease within a population group

adenoma

benign tumor that arises in, or resembles, glandular tissue

adenitis

inflammation of a gland or lymph node

adenopathy

a glandular disease or enlargement of glandular tissue (especially of the lymph glands)

adeno

combining form for gland

plasia

condition of formation, development, growth

chondro

combining form for cartilage

peritoneum

a multilayered membrane that protects and holds the organs in place within the abdominal cavity

epithelium

the tissue or cellular membrane that covers all free surfaces of the body

endothelium

Innermost lining of blood vessels

gametes

specialized cells involved in sexual reproduction

types of epithelial tissue

epithelium & endothelium

examples of genetic disease

cystic fibrosis and Huntington's disease , metabolic diseases, sickle cell anemia, hemophilia, lactose intolerant

2 types of glands

endocrine and exocrine

endo-

in, within

exo-

outside, outward

ventral

toward or on or near the belly (front of a primate or lower surface of a lower animal); more in front

dorsal

Toward the back

AP View

refers to anterposterior view, as in an x-ray view with the patient facing the x-ray machine and the film behind their back; the image passes from front (anter/o) to back (posterior). PA view is just the opposite

PA View

posteroanterior view...CXR moves from posterior(back) to anterior(front)...back to machine..film touching chest Deep breath hold before xray taken

medial

Toward the midline of the body

lateral

lying away from the median and sagittal plane of a body

proximal

closer to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk

distal

situated farthest from point of attachment or origin, as of a limb or bone

midsagittal body plane

the plane dividing the body into equal right and left halves

frontal body plane

Dividing the body into frontal and back.

transverse body plane

divides body into superior and inferior portions, upper and lower

anatomical directions: Anterior (Ventral)

Infront of, Front

anatomical direction: Posterior

After, behind, following toward the rear

anatomical direction: Distal

Away from, farther from the origin

anatomical direction: Proximal

Near, closer to the origin

anatomical direction: Dorsal

Near the upper surface, toward the back

anatomical direction: Ventral

Toward the bottom, toward the belly

anatomical direction: Superior

Above, over

anatomical direction: Inferior

Below, under

anatomical direction: Lateral

Toward the side, away from the mid-line

anatomical direction: Medial

Toward the mid-line, middle, away from the side

anatomical direction: Rostral

Toward the front

anatomical direction: Caudal

toward the back, toward the tail

anatomical body plane: Later or Sagital

Vertical plane that runs through your body from front to back or back to front. Divides the body into right and left regions.

anatomical body plane: Median or Midsagittal

Sagittal plane that divides body into EQUAL right and left regions

anatomical body plane: Parasagittal

Sagittal plane that divides body into UNEQUAL right and left regions

anatomical body plane: Frontal or Coronal

Vertical plane that runs through the center of your body from side to side, divides body into front (anterior) and back (posterior) regions.

anatomical body plane: Transverse

Horizontal plane that runs through the midsection of your body, divides body into upper (superior) and lower (inferior) regions.

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