5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- How do body parts at different levels of organization vary in complexity?
- Why is homeostasis so important to survival?
- List organs of the Respiratory System and describe its general function.
- Which organs occupy the thoracic cavity, abdominal cavity, and the pelvic cavity?
- What are the viscera?
- a Nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs.
Intake and output of air, exchange of gases between air and blood.
- b Thoracic: lungs & a region between the lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, and thymus.
Abdominal: stomach, liver, spleen, gallbladder, kidney, small/large intestines.
Pelvic: terminal end of large intestines, urinary bladder, internal reproductive organs.
- c It maintains a stable internal environment. When we become over heated there is a internal set point that indicates to the hypothalamus to trigger a changed in body temp to reduce the heat in the body. Sweat glands in the skin secretes watery perspiration this allows the body to cool down.
- d The heart consists of muscle, fat & nervous tissue. Cells of complex organism such as human contain structures called organelles that carry out specific activities. Organelles are composed of large molecules, including proteins, carbs, lipids, & nucleic acids. Most human cells contain a complete set of genetic instructions allowing cells to specialize.
- e The organs within the thoracic cavity & abdominopelvic cavity.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Receptors: provide info about specific conditions, may be a molecule or a cell.
Control Center: includes a set point, a particular value.
Effectors: causes responses that alter conditions in the internal environment.
- anatomical structures make it possible to learn their function. Each part contributes to the whole. Parts form a well organized unit- the human organism.
- Bones, ligaments, cartilage.
Provide framework, protect soft tissue, provide attachments for muscles, produce blood cells, store inorganic salts.
Cause movement, maintain posture, produce body heat.
- Skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, sebaceous glands.
Protect tissue, regulate body temp, support sensory receptors.
5 True/False questions
Explain how the names of the abdominal quadrants describe their location. → RUQ: Right Upper Quadrant
LUQ: Left Upper Quadrant
RLQ: Right Lower Quadrant
LLQ: Left Lowe Quadrant
What factors probably stimulated an early interest in the human body? → It plays an important role in breathing and keeps blood flowing through blood vessels.
List organs of the Digestive System and describe its general function. → Glands that secrete hormones
Control metabolic activities of body structures.
What would happen to room temperature if the set point where turned up? → The heat would come on until the temperature reached the new set point.
Name the major organ systems. → Oral cavity, nasal cavity, orbital cavity, and middle ear cavity.