5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Describe 3 homeostatic mechanism?
- Name the cavities of the head.
- What are the difference between anatomy & physiology?
- What is the function of pressure in the body?
- Describe the membranes associated with the Thoracic & abdominopelvic cavities.
- a Serous: line the walls of the thoracic and abdom. cavities - secrete a slippery serous fluid that separates the layer lining the wall of the cavity.
Pleural: a thin film of serous fluid separates the parietal and visceral.
Pericardial: located in the broadest portion of the mediastinum.
Peritoneal: lines the wall of the abdominopelvic cavity & visceral peritoneum covers most of the organs in the abdominopelvic cavity.
- b It plays an important role in breathing and keeps blood flowing through blood vessels.
- c Anatomy ( cutting up) examines the structures of the body parts.
Physiology ( relationship to nature) considers the functions of the body part.
- d Oral cavity, nasal cavity, orbital cavity, and middle ear cavity.
- e Receptors: provide info about specific conditions, may be a molecule or a cell.
Control Center: includes a set point, a particular value.
Effectors: causes responses that alter conditions in the internal environment.
5 Multiple choice questions
- The most fundamental characteristic of life are shared by all organisms. We can respond to our surroundings our bodies grow. We gain energy by ingesting, digesting, absorbing and assimilating the nutrients in food.
- Standing erect, the face is forward and the upper limbs are at the sides with the palms forward.
- Lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, thymus, spleen
Return tissue fluid to the blood, carry certain absorbed food molecules, defend the body against infection
- Glands that secrete hormones
Control metabolic activities of body structures.
- Sagittal: lengthwise cut, divides the body into right and left portions.
Transverse: divides the body into superior and inferior portions.
Frontal: divides the body into anterior & posterior portions.
5 True/False questions
Which organs occupy the thoracic cavity, abdominal cavity, and the pelvic cavity? → Thoracic: lungs & a region between the lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, and thymus.
Abdominal: stomach, liver, spleen, gallbladder, kidney, small/large intestines.
Pelvic: terminal end of large intestines, urinary bladder, internal reproductive organs.
Which requirement of organisms does the external environment provide? → The process of respiration, use the energy in these nutrients for such vital functions as growth and repair of tissue. The final process is the excretion of wastes the body does not use. the physical and chemical events that obtain, release a use energy are major part of metabolism.
Explain how the names of the abdominal quadrants describe their location. → RUQ: Right Upper Quadrant
LUQ: Left Upper Quadrant
RLQ: Right Lower Quadrant
LLQ: Left Lowe Quadrant
What is an organism? → A group that functions closely together comprise an organ system. interacting organ systems make it up.
List organs of the Digestive System and describe its general function. → Mouth, tongue, teeth, salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreases, small/large intestines.
Receive, break down, and absorb food; eliminate unabsorbed material