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Anatomy Chapter 1 Test

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. List some aging related changes at the microscopic and whole body levels.
  2. How are anatomy and physiology both old and new fields?
  3. Describe the anatomical position.
  4. List organs of the Skeletal System and describe its general function.
  5. What factors probably stimulated an early interest in the human body?
  1. a Adult onset disorders grayer/white hairs deeper skin wrinkles proportion of fat to water in the tissue change. Lipofuscin & ceroid pigment accumulate when a cell can no longer prevent the formation of O2 radicals generalized metabolic slowdown diminished tolerance to cold, weight gain and fatigue.
  2. b The change from hunter-gatherer to an agricultural lifestyle. This lifestyle change brought on other changes such as diet, stresses, and diseases.
  3. c We are learning more, with more sophisticated technology. New developments, new ideas, ect...
  4. d Bones, ligaments, cartilage.
    Provide framework, protect soft tissue, provide attachments for muscles, produce blood cells, store inorganic salts.
  5. e Standing erect, the face is forward and the upper limbs are at the sides with the palms forward.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. It maintains a stable internal environment. When we become over heated there is a internal set point that indicates to the hypothalamus to trigger a changed in body temp to reduce the heat in the body. Sweat glands in the skin secretes watery perspiration this allows the body to cool down.
  2. anatomical structures make it possible to learn their function. Each part contributes to the whole. Parts form a well organized unit- the human organism.
  3. Receptors: provide info about specific conditions, may be a molecule or a cell.
    Control Center: includes a set point, a particular value.
    Effectors: causes responses that alter conditions in the internal environment.
  4. A group that functions closely together comprise an organ system. interacting organ systems make it up.
  5. Glands that secrete hormones
    Control metabolic activities of body structures.

5 True/False Questions

  1. List organs of the Respiratory System and describe its general function.Nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs.
    Intake and output of air, exchange of gases between air and blood.

          

  2. Which is more lateral, the hand or the hip.the Hand

          

  3. How do body parts at different levels of organization vary in complexity?By organizing the body into subatomic particles, atoms, molecules, macromolecules, organelles, cells, tissue, organs, organ systems, organism.

          

  4. Explain how the names of the abdominal quadrants describe their location.Glands that secrete hormones
    Control metabolic activities of body structures.

          

  5. List organs of the Muscular System and describe its general function.Kidney, ureters urinary bladder, urethra.
    Remove waste from blood, maintain water and electrolyte balance, store and transport urine.

          

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