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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. List organs of the Reproductive System and describe its genera function.
  2. List organs of the Lymphatic System and describe its general function.
  3. Which requirement of organisms does the external environment provide?
  4. Describe the anatomical position.
  5. What factors probably stimulated an early interest in the human body?
  1. a Standing erect, the face is forward and the upper limbs are at the sides with the palms forward.
  2. b Water: transports substances and regulates temp.
    Food: provide nutrients, which provide energy & raw materials for new matter
    Oxygen: releases energy from nutrient. Energy in turn, is used to drive metabolic process.
    Heat: form of energy in environment production of metabolic reactions & it controls the rate at which these reactions occur.
    Pressure: application of force on an object or substance.
  3. c The change from hunter-gatherer to an agricultural lifestyle. This lifestyle change brought on other changes such as diet, stresses, and diseases.
  4. d Male: scrotum, testes, epididymides, ductus, deferentia, seminal vesicles, prostate, bulbourethral gland, urethra penis. Female: ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, clitoris, and vulva.
    Produce and maintain sperm cells, transfer sperm cells into female reproductive tract. Produce and maintain egg cells, receive sperm cells, support development of an embryo and function in birth process.
  5. e Lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, thymus, spleen
    Return tissue fluid to the blood, carry certain absorbed food molecules, defend the body against infection

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Techniques for making accurate observations & performing careful experiments evolved. Knowledge of the human body expanded. This new knowledge requited a new specialized language.
  2. The organs within the thoracic cavity & abdominopelvic cavity.
  3. Brain, spinal cord, nerves, sense organs.
    Detect changes, receive and interpret sensory information, stimulate muscles and glands.
  4. Receptors: provide info about specific conditions, may be a molecule or a cell.
    Control Center: includes a set point, a particular value.
    Effectors: causes responses that alter conditions in the internal environment.
  5. Serous: line the walls of the thoracic and abdom. cavities - secrete a slippery serous fluid that separates the layer lining the wall of the cavity.
    Pleural: a thin film of serous fluid separates the parietal and visceral.
    Pericardial: located in the broadest portion of the mediastinum.
    Peritoneal: lines the wall of the abdominopelvic cavity & visceral peritoneum covers most of the organs in the abdominopelvic cavity.

5 True/False Questions

  1. Why is homeostasis so important to survival?Receptors: provide info about specific conditions, may be a molecule or a cell.
    Control Center: includes a set point, a particular value.
    Effectors: causes responses that alter conditions in the internal environment.

          

  2. What would happen to room temperature if the set point where turned up?The heat would come on until the temperature reached the new set point.

          

  3. Which is more lateral, the hand or the hip.Oral cavity, nasal cavity, orbital cavity, and middle ear cavity.

          

  4. Describe three types of body sections.Sagittal: lengthwise cut, divides the body into right and left portions.
    Transverse: divides the body into superior and inferior portions.
    Frontal: divides the body into anterior & posterior portions.

          

  5. What are the characteristics of life?The most fundamental characteristic of life are shared by all organisms. We can respond to our surroundings our bodies grow. We gain energy by ingesting, digesting, absorbing and assimilating the nutrients in food.

          

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